- provides a space devoted to the conceptual framework known as Hodges' model. Read about this resource for HEALTH, SOCIAL CARE, INFORMATICS and EDUCATION. The model can facilitate PERSON-CENTREDNESS, CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, HOLISTIC CARE and REFLECTION. Follow the development of a new website using Drupal as I finalise my research question with part 2 starting in 2016. See our bibliography, posts since 2006 and please get in touch [@h2cm]. Welcome.

Sunday, December 13, 2009

(many) Care Transitions and The Little '-' That Could

Some people looking at Hodges' model may believe that the model perpetuates the dichotomies of old:

Human --- Machine
Individual --- Group
Sick --- Healthy
Supply --- Demand
Home --- Hospital
Self care --- Nursing care

In the 1990s as a community mental health nurse I was involved with a group of general nurses looking at ways of improving:
  • discharge planning
  • continuity of care
These issues remain and with the dichotomies of care above we can see how Hodges' model can assist our thinking and planning about transition. Not just one transition, but several.

This past week I was fortunate to attend one of a series of workshops -
Delivering High Quality Health Care for All: Bringing the social and technical together for a joined-up approach to deliver supporting systems and technologies
10th/11th December 2009, Leeds, UK

Organised by the UK Faculty of Health Informatics and the BCS Socio-Technical Group

The event was very good, stimulating and challenging. In the closing debate the appeal of 'socio-technical' and how to market a much needed joined-up approach in health IT came down at one point to the difference between:

'socio-technical' and 'sociotechnical'

In trying to find an alternative title, the hyphen was lost, and whilst it is not a crucial issue - for me that hyphen represents the axes of Hodges' model. Hodges' model acts as a high level aide-mémoire and that little hyphen can perform the same trick. The hyphen reminds us of the differences. The dichotomies that need to be navigated and negotiated in our dialogues about care AND caring. These are most evident in transfers and transitions (after all - "getting out of bed is a risk").

There are mini and macro transitions. Care pathways are not yellow-bricked unbroken splines from cottage to cottage hospital. They should be tortured if they do reflect person-centered experiences and needs.

Some transitions are process laden and repetitive, such as drug administration and must be protected - free from interruption. Although grounded in a social exchange of (correct) identities: a registered nurse, the right patient, right drug, right dose, right duration and right time these can be framed within the SCIENCE domain. That is where (for me) the conventional 'drug round' can be found. Counselling is another transition (if effective it also moves people on). Counselling can be found in the INTRAPERSONAL domain - close to the border with SOCIOLOGY.

Other transitions and transfers are more involved:
  • person's home to attend day care (for the first time!)
  • person's home to residential home
  • hospital ward to home
  • home encounter with the crisis team
  • telecare consultation
  • ...
Care is constantly passed hence the need to write and record. Passed from -


This is the outcome that is sought. Ultimately passing responsibility back to the individual and when applicable their family. Having formal integrated care pathways is one thing, but they are never truly continuous, clear and true. And as they say crossing bridges you may have to break step and surely different disciplines march to different tunes? Today though the most audible tune must be socio-technical. ...

Additional link: The Little Engine That Could

Image source:
Drug round tabard

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