Before we trip into 2011 let's make a quick return to 2008 and the three keys to the Shared Approach in mental health assessment [NIMHE, 2008] which are copied below.
In between each one I have highlighted how the Health Care Domains Model can contribute ...
1) active participation of the service user concerned in a shared understanding with service providers and where appropriate with their carers;
In the end (or at the beginning!) a model of care or assessment tool is only as good as the person using it.
To progress with key #1 there are in fact two locks to open. These are in the form of 'using' and 'user'. H2CM incorporates the individual from the outset. The model encourages consideration of the client's beliefs, preferences, and experiences ... Can the client and carer actually use the model themselves to help understand their needs, their care plan and interventions? Is there a homework exercise there for them?
Do they have capacity to decide? Do they need support - an advocate? How do we ensure the carer is factored into the care equation? Well, in h2cm that's through the social domain.
2) input from different provider perspectives within a multidisciplinary approach, and;
Do you know what "different provider perspectives within a multidisciplinary approach" look like?
Well just envisage that for a few moments. ...
In order to take those different perspectives and integrate them a common framework is surely needed?
Artists are lucky they use perspective as an integrative lever on paper, canvas, or whatever medium.
Clients, carers, health and social care professionals need a canvas of their own, BUT one that is sufficiently generic and agnostic to be 'owned' by all.
3) a person-centred focus that builds on the strengths, resiliencies and aspirations of the individual service user as well as identifying his or her needs and challenges. NIMHE (2008)
H2CM can support and foster person-centred care. The model is situated: there is one (changing) situation with the person at the center. Whatever the context -
- the care domains model is fit for purpose. Health and social care is dynamic, in person-centred care that focus needs to change accordingly. Our assessments and evaluations need to resolve the SCIENTIFIC, SOCIOLOGICAL, POLITICAL, INTERPERSONAL and SPIRITUAL dimensions of care while assuring the BIG picture.
The National Institute for Mental Health in England (NIMHE) and the Care Services Improvement Partnership. 3 Keys to a shared approach in mental health assessment. London: Department of Health; 2008.
Available from: http://www.3keys.org.uk/downloads/3keys.pdf