- provides a space devoted to the conceptual framework known as Hodges' model. Read about this resource for HEALTH, SOCIAL CARE, INFORMATICS and EDUCATION. The model can facilitate PERSON-CENTREDNESS, CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, HOLISTIC CARE and REFLECTION. Follow the development of a new website using Drupal as I finalise my research question with part 2 starting in 2016. See our bibliography, posts since 2006 and please get in touch [@h2cm]. Welcome.

Thursday, February 04, 2016

"Values in Advanced Directives" mapped to Hodges' model

Hechter, et al. (1999) consider values in respect of advanced directives and medical treatment. The authors discuss an old debate in social science that still divides objectivists and subjectivists. Below, with my emphasis the four designated values are mapped to Hodge' model:

humanistic ---------------------------------------  mechanistic

(ii) self-concept values involving feelings of dignity, self-control, and/or physical capacity (designated as function);

(i) hedonic values about pain, aversive physical states, chances for recovery to some minimally satisfactory level, and so forth (designated hereafter as pain);

(iii) allocentric values referring to concerns with creating an emotional burden for family and/or loved ones (designated as burden)

(iv) financial considerations (designated as cost) (p.409). 

Since 1999 and considering the above I have added the following additions to reflect elements of change and a more generic view:

identity, self-expression (of needs), consistency in expressed wishes, intentionality, mood, alternative-adaptive forms of communication, time - active listening

distance, logistics (family, friends), what telecare might offer in terms of communication, evidence-based interventions, measures, assessment

independent advocacy, standards of social care, 'appropriate' placement for ongoing care, social - life history;

legislation - mental capacity, advocacy, evidence-based care - policy, pension, safeguarding;

While the focus of Hechter, et al. is specific these values also apply in a more generic sense. As students and lifelong learners engage with patients, carers and public they must learn to have due regard for the totality of values that might be encountered.

Hechter, M., Ranger-Moore, J., Jasso, G., & Horne, C. (1999). Do Values Matter? An Analysis of Advance Directives for Medical Treatment. European Sociological Review, 15(4), 405-430.

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