"eLearning for undergraduate health professional education - a systematic review informing a radical transformation of health workforce development"
"Designing for learning is a complex task which requires a holistic approach. According to Mayes and de Freitas (24), the implementation of blended learning should consider learning at three different levels: as behaviour, as construction of knowledge, and as a social practice.
The behaviourist learning theory (25,26) suggests that we learn by receiving a stimulus that consequently produces a response. It therefore concentrates on low-level cognitive tasks or psychomotor skill learning (27). ... According to Horton (28), drill-and-practice activities are useful when learners need to learn automated procedures that must be performed and applied without much conscious thought as part of higher-level activities (28).
In contrast to the behaviourists’ approach, the cognitivists focus their attention on how students gain and organize their knowledge (27). Piaget (29) and his constructionism theory of knowledge has been particularly influential with his assumption that conceptual understanding can be reached through intellectual activity rather than by merely absorbing information. The cognitive perspective emphasizes the process of reaching “understanding” through an active process of creating hypothesis, application of knowledge and reflection (30)." (p.97)
Imperial College London, World Health Organization (2015). eLearning for undergraduate health professional education - a systematic review informing a radical transformation of health workforce development. Al-Shorbaji, N., Atun, R., Car, J., Majeed, A., & Wheeler, E. (eds.).