By L. Dee Fink, University of Oklahoma
Learning goals: Significant learning
For half a century, teachers at all levels of instruction have used Bloom’s taxonomy to generate learning goals beyond “understand and remember” kinds of learning.
This taxonomy has been extremely helpful, but it does not encompass all the kinds of learning that society and educators today believe is important. So I propose a new taxonomy, one that identifies six different ways in which learning can be significant for students:
- Foundational Knowledge: students should understand and remember the basic content of the course (e.g., terms, concepts, principles).
- Application: students should use the content and engage in effective and appropriate kinds of thinking.
- Integration: students should integrate different disciplines, major ideas, and realms of life.
- Human Dimension: students should identify the personal and social implications of this knowledge.
- Caring: students should develop new feelings, interests, and values in relation to the subject.
- Learning How to Learn: students should keep on learning about the subject after the course is over.