Hodges' Model: Welcome to the QUAD

- provides a space devoted to the conceptual framework known as Hodges' model. A potential resource within HEALTH, SOCIAL CARE, INFORMATICS and EDUCATION the model incorporates two axes: individual-group and humanistic-group with four care (knowledge) domains - Sciences, Interpersonal, Political and Social. Follow the development of a new website using Drupal as I commence post graduate distance-learning studies in January 2014. See our bibliography, archive and please do get in touch. Welcome.

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

3rd European Conference on Design 4 Health July 2015 UK

Design4Health2015 will be held at Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK from
Monday 13th to Thursday 16th July 2015.

Deadline for abstracts - Mon 5 Jan 2015

Design 4 Health 2015 provides an opportunity to reflect on how the disciplines of design and health might develop new ways of thinking and working, and how we might impact positively and sustainably on the social, economic and cultural factors within our communities and beyond.  We invite papers from researchers and practitioners across the areas of design and health in order to develop new dialogues and offer different perspectives.

The Call for Papers with full details of the conference themes is attached but they are summarised briefly here:

Design4Health2015: Synergies of Practice

key themes
Methodologies
Design encompasses a wide range of methodologies of practice and of research. Papers exploring the synergies of design and health methods are encouraged.

Making
Design has strengths around envisaging both problems and solutions to help all stakeholders explore the world of health in new and exciting ways. Papers exploring innovative methods and case studies are encouraged.

Measurement
The disciplines of design and health have different ways of both doing and defining ‘measurement’. Papers exploring the differences and opportunities around this area are encouraged.

areas of interest

  • Participatory approaches to design and research
  • Transdisciplinary working
  • Opportunities and barriers to innovation
  • Current and future landscapes in design4health
submission formats
This year, we are introducing some new elements to the conference and invite submissions in the following forms:
  • Abstract submissions: abstracts that address the conference themes, followed by short full papers before the conference
  • Poster proposals:  visually engaging poster describing research that address the conference themes
  • Exhibition proposals: creative responses to healthcare issues from across the art and design disciplines.
conference deadlines
Online submission opens: Mon 3 Nov 2014
Paper abstract deadline: Mon 5 Jan 2015 23:59 (GMT)
Submissions accepted: w/c 26 Jan 2015
Poster & exhibition proposal deadline: Fri 20 Feb 2015 23:59 (GMT)
Full paper deadline: Sun 8 Mar 23:59 (GMT)
Delegate registration opens: Mon 13 April 2015
Delegate registration closes: Mon 22 June 2015
Conference opens: Mon 13 July 2015


Online submission opens on 3 November 2014 at:
https://conference.shu.ac.uk/index.php/events/D4H2015

For announcements and news about D4H2013 [proceedings], please sign up to our email list at www.jiscmail.ac.uk/DESIGN4HEALTH or visit www.design4health.org.uk

Please circulate. Apologies for cross posting.

Kind regards
Kirsty Christer
Conference Organiser

My source:
CARING TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH ANNOUNCEMENT LIST

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Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Patient-Practitioner disconnect c/o Healthcare Innovation by Design

https://www.linkedin.com/groups?home=&gid=2579818&trk=anet_ug_hmA post on a LinkedIn group I follow Healthcare Innovation by Design roused my interest -

What's the Source of the Patient-Practitioner Disconnect? 


Invariably on the web one item relates to another and so with this:

Doctors Tell All—and It’s Bad (The Atlantic)
A crop of books by disillusioned physicians reveals a corrosive doctor-patient relationship at the heart of our health-care crisis.

Just the above mention of corrosive suggests a great deal about the pressures on relationships in health and social care. Is there a mechanistic failure to follow? It sounds like metal fatigue, if not in the actual relationships then the financial systems that underpin them?

Stephanie Frederick's post also invited the views of other healthcare professions, recognising this is not limited to medics. My own experience would identify the disconnect as resulting from a preoccupation with assessment.

As community mental health nurses this is what we do. Risk assessment is the critical focus. Collectively we assess, problem solve, evaluate and draw upon the resources of the community team and many other agencies then discharge the patient back to the GP general practitioner. There is little or, no time for therapeutic intervention.

You could say empathy and rapport have been reduced to gestures. This would be fine if it's technology we are gesticulating to: but it isn't.

It's a unique individual, a person trying to manage a new or recurrent problem. With them may be family members also struggling to make sense of a disruptive situation that may also be life-changing. If they have no family what then?

It isn't that I'm missing the custard creams with the coffee, it's the frustration of reading about the need for new models of care. Of course, many of these calls are for new financial, commissioning and organisational models; but other models are essential to negotiate the shift to self-care. And yes, I would advocate for Hodges' model as a candidate here.

Who is going to do this? 
Do what? 

Well, restore person-centered care to what it should be: more than a policy gesture.

We need to finally address the health services - health promotion AND the educational issue contained in each.

That's one source of disconnect... or ok several...

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Saturday, October 25, 2014

EAST-WEST: meetings of minds, bodies and souls

south
INTERPERSONAL : SCIENCES
? WEST ------------------------------------------- EAST ?
SOCIOLOGY : POLITICAL
north
"The Philosopher" by Ludwig Deutsch (1905) from the collection of Shafik Gabr.



Image source and title link:
NY Times Robin Pogrebin November 29, 2012
Seeing Orientalist Art as an Aid to East-West Dialogue
http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/11/29/seeing-orientalist-art-as-an-aid-to-east-west-dialogue/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0

My source:
Financial Times 23 November 2013, p.6

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Saturday, October 18, 2014

Call for Articles: “Social Representations, ICTs and Community Empowerment”

Call for Articles for a Special Section of Semiotica, the Journal of the International Association for Semiotic Studies on the theme of “Social Representations, ICTs and Community Empowerment”.

This special section will provide an overview of the use of Social Representations Theory (SRT) (Moscovici, 1961), for empowering local communities, with a specific focus on the role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), such as the Internet, desktop and mobile devices, radios, etc.

Interested researchers are invited to submit an abstract proposal (word file) of about 500 words via e-mail.

Abstracts should be accompanied by the following information about each of the authors:

  • Name
  • Position
  • Affiliation
  • Contact Information
The deadline for abstracts submission is November 21st, 2014.

Inquiries and submissions can be forwarded electronically to:

Dr. Sara Vannini
Università della Svizzera italiana, (USI Lugano, Switzerland)
sara.vannini AT usi.ch

More information can be found here:
http://www.newmine.org/call-for-articles-social-representations-icts-and-community-empowerment

Thank you so much for your help!

Sara
Sara Vannini, PhD
Visiting Researcher - TASCHA
Executive Director - NewMinE Lab
PostDoctoral Researcher - BeCHANGE Research Group
sara.vannini.usi AT gmail.com
website: http://www.saravannini.com


My source: ciresearchers AT vancouvercommunity.net

Additional link [pj]: Wikipedia - Social representation

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Thursday, October 16, 2014

Blog Action Day - Inequality (and Inequity)

When time permits I will try to identify some of the dimensions of inequality against Hodges' model. In the meantime:

In addition to supporting the above as initiatives are underway to introduce the internet and smart telephony to the millions who are e-unequal, it may be worth reflecting upon the e's.

Need, Equity and Equality - Health Economics, University of York

Credit Suisse Global Wealth Report 

Fortune.com: Bill Gates' solution to income inequality

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Wednesday, October 15, 2014

Glen Campbell - I'm Not Gonna Miss You

individual
INTERPERSONAL : SCIENCES
humanistic ------------------------------------------- mechanistic
SOCIOLOGY : POLITICAL
group




Music video by Glen Campbell performing I'm Not Gonna Miss You. (C) 2014 Big Machine Records, LLC.

Glen Campbell and Jimmy Webb have produced some truly age-defining music. A memory I hope to cherish all my days of these tunes was September 17 1979 flying Wardair from Manchester to Calgary. We chased the sun all the way over Iceland, Greenland ... with Glen singing along. A magical experience and holiday.

Thanks Mr Campbell!

May the nursing care you now receive be as person-centered as your music is to me and countless other people; and may high quality care be available to all who need it.

Thanks to Randy Roberson for this news.

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Tuesday, October 14, 2014

c/o [hifa2015] Stop the .health!

Hi everyone,

Some of you may know about the research I and colleagues around the world have been pursuing on the new health-related domains published in the Lancet, JMIR, Globalization and Health, and featured by news outlets such as NPR, Kaiser Health News, the CBC, and others.  Right now we have the unique opportunity to make an impact by demanding that that public health interests are a priority in the future of the Internet.

Background
Currently, about a dozen health-related generic top level domains (gTLDs) are being added to the Internet.  They include domains such as .healthcare, .med, .doctor, .clinic and MOST IMPORTANTLY a new .health.  Unfortunately, ICANN is now in the process of awarding this hugely important domain space that could shape the very future of health information online to a company that has no interest nor expertise in public health.  Basically, ICANN has ignored key stakeholders including the World Health Organization, World Medical Association, Save the Children, IMIA, France, Mali, and others who have expressed great concern about ICANN’s treatment of the .health.  This recently ended in a secret and private settlement to award the .health that was scheduled to go to a public bidding process.

This decision is important as it will impact global public health and the health of individual consumers.  As people increasingly use the Internet for health information and use that information to make crucial treatment decisions, the quality and trustworthiness of health information online has never been more important.  A .health that was properly governed, had sufficient participation from the medical and public health community, and that was structured as a global public good for the broader community, could have been a game changer for ensuing the reliability of health information online and improving health outcomes.  This has not happened, as ICANN has focused on economic and commercial interests over public health.

What you can do
We are now engaged in a last ditch push to make a real difference here and we have an opportunity to do so.  Right now ICANN is having their annual meeting in Los Angeles. After discussions with friends at WHO, other academics, and even those sympathetic to our cause within ICANN, we’ve learned that only the broader public health and medical community can make a difference.  For this reason, I am hoping you will join our coalition in letting ICANN know that the concerns of the public health community for the .health need to be addressed immediately.

You can make a difference by directly engaging in ICANN’s policy processes via an online public forum this THURSDAY, OCTOBER 16 - 14:00-17:00PM PDT.  Participation is easy and will not take much of your time:

All you have to do is visit the following URL (http://la51.icann.org/en/schedule/thu-public-forum), and then click the “Virtual Meeting Room Stream Live” link, click the option to participate as a guest, and you will be entered into an adobe connect chat room where you can participate and voice your concerns.  Some of the concerns that could be addressed are:

- why has ICANN ignored calls by the WHO, World Medical Association, France, Mali, and others about the .health
- why did ICANN award the .health with no transparency through a secret settlement?
- why has ICANN not responded to multiple letters sent to their board about the .health asking for a moratorium/suspension of the process?
- why does ICANN treat other domains such as .wtf, .sucks, with better safeguards than the .health?
- why has ICANN not listened to the public health community about the .health and other health-related domains?
- health is such an important issue, shouldn’t we have a place on the Internet where we can trust our health information?

I will be personally attending the ICANN meeting in LA and meeting with certain key ICANN officials to try to make an impact.  Please join us so that we can ensure the .health is a place to improve your health, not harm it.

If you have any questions feel free to contact me at anytime attmackey AT ucsd.edu.  Only with your help can we hope to make a difference.

Thanks!

References and Sources

Published articles:

News articles:

HIFA profile: Tim K. Mackey is an Assistant Professor at University of California, San Diego - School of Medicine. He is also a current term member of the Council on Foreign Relations. tmackey AT ucsd.edu

My source: HIFA: Healthcare Information For All: www.hifa2015.org

HIFA Voices database: www.hifavoices.org

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Friday, October 10, 2014

WMHD II c/o LSE: Investing in crisis care for people with schizophrenia makes moral and economic sense

“When someone has a mental health crisis, it is distressing and frightening for them as well as the people around them. Urgent and compassionate care in a safe place is essential – a police cell should never need to be used because mental health services are not available. For me, crisis care is the most stark example of the lack of equality between mental and physical health.” 
(The Rt Hon Norman Lamb MP, Care and Support Minister)
There is a strong moral and economic case for investing in innovative approaches that support people with schizophrenia to live independently in the community. Crisis resolution and home treatment teams and crisis houses can help reduce the need for expensive hospital admissions with some studies suggesting that the costs of care can be reduced by up to 30% through these service models. There is a clear potential for Clinical Commissioning Groups to make better use of their resources by investing in home treatment teams and crisis houses as approaches to crisis resolution.
My source: The London School of Economics and Political Science, Health and Social Care blog email

Hodges' model in recovery ...
Jones P. (2014) Using a conceptual framework to explore the dimensions of recovery and their relationship to service user choice and self-determination. International Journal of Person Centered Medicine. Vol 3, No 4, (2013) pp.305-311.

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World Mental Health Day 2014: or...

https://www.time-to-change.org.uk/sites/default/files/WMHD%202014%20EVENTS%20POSTER%20FINAL.pdf


http://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/our-work/world-mental-health-day/world-mental-health-day-2014/


or - World Parity of Esteem Day 2014?


Mental health & Psychology resources
(Links I - Hodges' model)

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Thursday, October 09, 2014

Privacy: Open Data, Individual and Group

The vertical axis of Hodges' model is the individual - group, or self through to collective. Health and social care constantly negotiates this from the ideals and delivery of person-centred care to public mental health. So often for health professionals the emphasis is on the individual, the person's care needs, their strengths, their rights, outcomes and feedback on care received. The same individual focus is also ascribed to records and information. Protection of data, maintaining confidentiality is an essential duty of health care  professionals.  

Earlier this year the government's care.data scheme was placed on hold. 'Open' is the way of the world: open access, open source, open data and open government. Increasingly the group as an entity needs to considered in what may be a new way, as Floridi writes:

The idea that groups may have a right to privacy is not new, and it is open to debate, but it has not yet received all the attention it deserves, although it is becoming increasingly important.
 ...
Open data is more likely to treat types (of customers, users, citizens, demographics population, etc.) rather than tokens (you, Alice, me), and hence groups rather than individuals. But re-identifiable groups are ipso facto targetable groups.It is therefore a very dangerous fallacy to think that, if we protect personal data that identify individuals, the protection of the groups will take care of itself. p.23.

Luciano Floridi. Group Privacy. The Philosophers' Magazine. Issue 65, 2nd Quarter 2014. Pages 22-23.


http://grantabooks.com/The-Private-Life

Here is a related book (on my list) a BMJ award winner:

The Private Life, Josh Cohen

The war over private life spreads inexorably. Some seek to expose, invade and steal it, others to protect, conceal and withhold it. Either way, the assumption is that privacy is a possession to be won or lost.

But what if what we call private life is the one element in us that we can't possess? Could it be that we're so intent on taking hold of the privacy of others, or keeping hold of our own only because we're powerless to do either? ...




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Saturday, October 04, 2014

Bits of information in 2049

individual
INTERPERSONAL : SCIENCES
humanistic ------------------------------------------- mechanistic
SOCIOLOGY : POLITICAL
group
Who?Kill the Moon
1 0
0 1
Dr

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Wednesday, October 01, 2014

Bits of information a-cross the centuries - Bad Tidings & The Love Letter

As noted previously on W2tQ the significance of information practically and as a concept is very obvious in health and social care. Not just the debate about assuring privacy and confidentiality of clinical records and professional disclosure, but the meaning of information to an individual. This is assuming that the person concerned has the mental capacity to recognise what a particular circumstance, event, item of news means; and not just this morning, but tomorrow...

A diagnosis, lab result, a date for this procedure or that operation all can be a major source of anxiety and stress.

This week's visit to Amsterdam also included a visit to the Stedelijk Museum, where I saw Jobstijding (Bad Tidings), 1932 / Carel Willink (1900-1983). On Saturday I marvelled at Vermeer's The Love Letter and many other great works at the Rijksmuseum. ...

Through art and these works in particular we can contrast the social impact of information, of news - its meaning past and present with our ongoing preoccupation with binary representation and the information age.

Snail mail may be less common and yet the impact of decisions, news, life events ... remains.

individual
INTERPERSONAL : SCIENCES
humanistic ------------------------------------------- mechanistic
SOCIOLOGY : POLITICAL
group

https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/collection/SK-A-1595
Vermeer - The Love Letter
1 0
0 1
http://www.stedelijk.nl/en/artwork/3872-de-jobstijding
Carel Willink - Jobstijding (Bad Tidings)

0 1
1 0

Image sources:
The Love Letter, Vermeer
http://www.sai.msu.su/wm/paint/auth/vermeer/vermeer.love-letter.jpg

Jobstijding (Bad Tidings), 1932, Carel Willink (1900-1983)Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

http://www.pinterest.com/pin/567383253025365412/

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Sunday, September 28, 2014

ERCIM News No. 99 Special theme: "Software Quality"

Dear ERCIM News Reader,

ERCIM News No. 99 has just been published at
http://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en99

http://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en99Special Theme: "Software Quality"
http://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en99/special/

And on the occasion of ERCIM’s 25th anniversary, we published a selection of articles on the future challenges of ICST:
http://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en99/challenges-for-icst

Keynote by Willem Jonker, CEO EIT ICT Labs: "The Future of ICT: Blended Life"
http://ercim-news.ercim.eu/en99/keynote/the-future-of-ict-blended-life



This issue is also available for download as:
pdfhttp://ercim-news.ercim.eu/images/stories/EN99/EN99-web.pdf
epub: http://ercim-news.ercim.eu/images/stories/EN99/EN99.epub

Next issue: No. 100, January 2015 - Special Theme: "Scientific Data Sharing"

Thank you for your interest in ERCIM News.
Feel free to forward this message to others who might be interested.

Best regards,
Peter Kunz
ERCIM News central editor

------------------------------------------------------------------------
ERCIM "Alain Bensoussan" Fellowship Programme
ERCIM offers fellowships for PhD holders from all over the world.
Next application deadline: 30 September 2014 http://fellowship.ercim.eu/
------------------------------------------------------------------------
ERCIM News
is published quarterly by ERCIM, the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics.
The printed edition will reach about 6000 readers.
This email alert reaches over 7300 subscribers.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
About ERCIM
ERCIM - the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics - aims to foster collaborative work within the European research community and to increase co-operation with European industry. Leading European research institutes are members of ERCIM. ERCIM is the European host of W3C.
http://www.ercim.eu/

Follow us on twitter http://twitter.com/#!/ercim_news
and join the open ERCIM LinkedIn Group http://www.linkedin.com/groups/ERCIM-81390

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Saturday, September 27, 2014

Rijksmuseum Amsterdam - health in art : art in health

I arrived in Amsterdam last night and spent today, 8 hours in the Rijksmuseum. It is an amazing experience, even to just scratch the surface. Early on it was not busy! Entering the building, is as publicised, to discover a remarkable series of spaces.

There are so many highlights of a rewarding day. One must be within the final hour 1610 finding one of Van Gogh's self portraits. Van Gogh finds himself placed in the interpersonal domain not just by virtue of this self portrait, but his struggle with mental health and  hospitalisations.

individual
INTERPERSONAL : SCIENCES
humanistic ------------------------------------------- mechanistic
SOCIOLOGY : POLITICAL
group
http://www.vangoghmuseum.nl/en



The Anemic Woman
Samuel Dirksz van Hoogstraten [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
There were many other (ill-)health related examples (and many that are also bright and humorous).

The sick child. The Sick Woman....

When initially viewing Visiting the Sick you have some searching to do. The sick individual themselves and the doctor are rather lost in the background. The painting stresses the sociological, domestic aspects of health past and present.

In Visiting the Sick and The Anemic Woman we get a view of the way outside (possibly of spiritual significance?) and another room through doorways. From TV, reading and my visit today, this is a common device within Dutch genre painting. If we have a diagnosis now in the 21st century, we still need to look through the windows and doors that relate to the individual and their social situation. In the age of the interface and partitions we still need to negotiate themDoorways, windows and portals as changes in knowledge content, can in the form of care domains illuminate the boundary of what is objective and subjective. This is central in health and social care.


Van Gogh self portrait source:
http://historiek.net/chinezen-zeer-geinteresseerd-in-van-gogh/13217/#.VCb5mRbivTo

The Anemic Woman image source:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Samuel_van_Hoogstraten_-_The_Anaemic_Lady_-_WGA11719.jpg

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Thursday, September 25, 2014

1 in 3 will be older adults by 2025 in Japan

In June Dr Mayumi Hayashi described Japan's vision of 'total care' for its older population in HSJ. The article that prompts this post follows another with lessons for England.

Referring to a "2025 vision" this forward thinking has its roots in established systems of healthcare set up in 1961 and social care established in 2000 (p.25).

http://on.ft.com/1czk1Ak
Care integration is not new as a fundamental issue in health and social care. It is for me a career legacy issue. As a student nurse it was discussed and debated, closely allied with multidisciplinary and holistic (joined up physical and mental health) care. Even now 37 years later it will drive many arguments and policy deliberations in the run up to the next election here.

Many nations are faced with stark demographics. As the population ages and works its way through wooden blocks, Rubik cubes, it is the population pyramid that takes on increasing significance.


Dr Hayashi lists the need for inclusion, integration and continuation of four components that are essential to the realisation of this vision:
  • maximising the integration of healthcare and social care;
  • promoting policies for prevention and outreach together with safeguarding;
  • embedding supported living programmes and dementia friendly community initiatives; and
  • addressing “late life specific” housing needs.
I have mapped these to Hodges' model below:

individual
INTERPERSONAL : SCIENCES
humanistic ------------------------------------------- mechanistic
SOCIOLOGY : POLITICAL
group
embedding supported living programmes and dementia friendly community initiatives integration of health and social care
"late life specific" housing needs
(integration of health and social care)
promoting policies for prevention and outreach, together with safeguarding


It becomes clear to see in Japan, China and other nations how telecare and smart homes have a role to play. Getting the basics of integrated care resolved firstly is the prerequisite whatever the culture.

Where achieved the integration of health and social care can act as a diagonal brace as it straddles two care domains. Perhaps the model also reflects the ongoing challenges of parity in esteem in mental health care and physical care; and the funding ambiguity for people living with dementia as opposed to other medical conditions?

In January 2014 the FT Weekend magazine also featured an article on ageing in Japan.

Hayashi, M. (2014) Japan's vision of a 'total care' future looks bright, Health Service Journal, 124, 6404, 25-27. 

FT magazine cover image:
https://www.facebook.com/financialtimes/photos/a.10150157857040750.297340.8860325749/10152119294570750/?type=1

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Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Agnostic qualities in Hodges' model

In the previous post I highlighted "Holistic approaches to learning are agnostic as to method." 

I added that there would be more to follow as Hodges' model can be viewed as agnostic on several levels. The following is taken from a paper on Hodges' model and its application in forensic nursing:

Hodges’ model claims to be person-centred and situated (Jones, 2008). What exactly does this mean for forensic nursing? The utility of Hodges’ model lies in it being agnostic. By ‘agnostic’ this means that the model is not dependent upon, dedicated to, sanctioned by, or owned by any particular discipline (even nursing). It was not designed with a particular media, clinical setting, situation or organization in mind. It is true, however, that the model was formulated within academia and health and social care, being taught and applied by community mental health nurses, learning disability and health visiting students. Apart from the history and universality of the model’s cruciform structure and its inherent 2 x 2 matrix form [often referred to as a Johari window (Luft and Ingham, 1955)], the model is also culturally neutral. This is an essential requirement to reflect and enact nursing values and codes of conduct (Nursing and Midwifery Council, 2008).
Doyle, M., Jones, P. (2013). Hodges’ Health Career Model and its role and potential application in forensic mental health nursing. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 20, 7, 631-640.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2012.01961.x/abstract

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Saturday, September 20, 2014

Book: Teaching Crowds - Learning and Social Media

This book is available as an open access pdf. Here is an extract from chapter 2 on Social Learning Theories.

http://www.aupress.ca/index.php/books/120235Holistic approaches to learning are agnostic as to method. Drawing from connectivist and older models, they valorize diversity and the socially distributed cognition afforded by the read-write Web and other publishing models, accepting that every learning experience is unique, and every learner’s needs are different. Connectivist approaches, for all their extensive reliance on networks of people engaging socially, are at heart focused on the individual—specifically, the individual’s learning. Holistic models embrace the fact that it is sometimes more important that a group learns, rather than an individual, especially in collectivist cultures (Potgieter et al., 2006). Holistic models recognize that, sometimes, guidance is what is most needed, that people can learn without direct engagement with others and, even that transmittive instructionist models of teaching have a place. p.61.
In the next post I will explain the emphasis placed in the quote.


Jon Dron and Terry Anderson (2014) Teaching Crowds: Learning and Social Media, AU Press.

My source:
ITFORUM mailing list 
http://listserv.lt.unt.edu/mailman/listinfo/
This is a listserv of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology

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Friday, September 19, 2014

Self-determination: individual - group (high-low) resolution

individual
INTERPERSONAL : SCIENCES
humanistic ------------------------------------------- mechanistic
SOCIOLOGY : POLITICAL
group


Flag of Scotland (Union Jack colours and proportion).png
Border
Binary Decision
magnanimity
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg


 
Image sources:
"Flag of Scotland (Union Jack colours and proportion)" via Wikimedia Commons.
"Flag of the United Kingdom" via Wikipedia.

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