Hodges' Model: Welcome to the QUAD: February 2021

- learn about the conceptual framework Hodges' model. A tool that can help integrate HEALTH and SOCIAL CARE, INFORMATICS and EDUCATION. The model is situated, facilitates person-centredness, integrated - holistic care and reflective practice. A new site using Drupal is an ongoing aim - the creation of a reflective workbench. Email: h2cmng @ yahoo.co.uk Welcome

Saturday, February 27, 2021

Rare Diseases Day 2021 28th February

And from:


Thursday, February 25, 2021

The mechanics of Empire (or Not) c/o Yinka Shonibare

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Yinka Shonibare MBE – End of Empire, 2016, Turner Contemporary


"The Salzberg show, at the Museum der Moderne in Monchsberg, will show works going back to the mid-1990s, and though still in development, its title - End of Empire - is secured. This refers to a work Shonibare created for the 14-18 Now project, which commemorated the 100 years since the end of the first world war: two figures with globes for heads sit either end of a moving see-saw, their precarious balance representing the fragile conditions of conflict. 'It's this idea that the arguments are shifting constantly; I didn't want it to be didactic or simplistic,' he says."

Yinka Shonibare

Image: https://publicdelivery.org/yinka-shonibare-end-of-empire/

My source: Roux, C. All a question of power, Life&Arts, FTWeekend. 20-21 February, 2021. p.13.


Wednesday, February 24, 2021

'Design Thinking' in and out of four boxes...

In 2019 Charles Orton-Jones gave a brief (single page) account of design thinking in sales, with a description of its five components:


Define the problem




Below, I've mapped each to Hodges' model (and in parallel):

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Define the Problem

Define the Problem

Define the Problem

Define the Problem


There is often conceptual overlap and relationships when considering the most mundane, taken-for-granted of phenomena and events. This overlap increases rapidly with more complicated situations. This applies in the case of 'design thinking'. Ideate I take as a mental activity, but it is the flow and interplay of ideas: communication that counts. Empathy is imbued individually, but it is delivered and is realised in the social domain - as empathise suggests. Hopefully, from empathy with group rapport, trust, dignity and respect coherence will follow.

Politically, funding, team constraints, leadership may all influence defining the problem, prototyping and testing. Ideation is 'political' too. We forget this at our peril. Are we sure the protected characteristics have been factored in? You might also test the prototype against the original idea(s): thereby bringing in values. While this application is commercial sales, you are in personalised and specialised 'sales' in healthcare. 

While the above looks like duplication, the parallel approach can help assure the design thinking process as a whole. There is an open question here, but I'm sure despite the duplication and 'travel' to-and-fro within the model the structure helps instill some discipline with efficiency - economy of effort? The model acts as a marshalling (classification) yard.

As an example, this was brought home today on twitter, with a question about dealing with people who have a fear of needles. This may be children, a percentage of the general population and people with a learning disability. We see then how this overlap can be important. By default then working with the above design thinking + h2cm approach to achieve (variously) individualised, integrated, collaborative care then you might also be doing co-design and co-creation. Now that is sales ...!

My source: Orton-Jones, C. Design thinking is making an impact, Raconteur, 20.6.19. p.18.


Tuesday, February 23, 2021

Button Batteries: Power ... in its place

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“It turns out this is one of the most damaging and dangerous things that my beautiful boy could have ever swallowed. It does not get much worse than this.” - Mother of an 8 month-old baby boy

Credit: Child Accident Prevention Trust

Monday, February 22, 2021

Call for Papers: Diagrams 2021

The organization of Diagrams 2021 is making rapid progress. Five outstanding Keynote speakers have now been announced. Also, the free, online conference has adopted a novel approach to the program structure that is expected to provide fair access to the conference across multiple time zones.

 Find more details in the 2nd call for papers attached below or on the webpage www.diagrams-conference.org/2021 - and do pass on the information if you know researchers or students for whom it may be relevant.


Mikkel Willum Johansen 

Publicity Chair

Diagrams 2021


*** Call for Papers: Diagrams 2021 ***

12th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Diagrams

September 28 – 30, 2021

Virtual Event



*** Highlights ***



- Proceedings published by Springer

- Three Tracks: Main, Philosophy, and Psychology and Education.

- Graduate Symposium

- Best Paper and Best Student Paper awards

- Submission dates in April 2021.


***************** Keynote Speakers Announced *******************

Shaaron Ainsworth, University of Nottingham

Daniel Rosenberg, University of Oregon

Katarina Scheiter, University of Tubingen

Atsushi Shimojima, Doshisha University

Frederik Stjernfelt, Aalborg University of Copenhagen


Francesco Bellucci, University of Bologna, is the Inspirational ECR Speaker for Diagrams 2021

******************* Novel Program Schedule *********************

Diagrams 2021 will adopt a novel approach to scheduling talks, to accommodate different time zones across the globe. See


for more details.


Diagrams is the only conference series that provides a united forum for all areas that are concerned with the study of diagrams and has a multidisciplinary emphasis.

For 2021, *MAIN TRACK* conference topics include, but are not limited to:

– applications of diagrams,
– computational models of reasoning with, and interpretation of, diagrams,
– design of diagrammatic notations,
– diagram understanding by humans or machines,
– diagram aesthetics and layout,– evaluation of diagrammatic notations,
– graphical communication and literacy,
– heterogeneous notations involving diagrams,
– history of diagrammatic notations,
– information visualization using diagrams,
– nature of diagrams and diagramming,
– novel technologies for diagram use,
– reasoning with diagrams,
– semiotics of diagrams,
– software to support the use of diagrams, and
– usability and human-computer interaction issues concerning diagrams.

In addition to the main track, Diagrams 2021 will have two further tracks: Philosophy, and Psychology and Education; for their topics of interest, see





If the main research contribution of your submission is considered to fit either of the other tracks then you are strongly encouraged to submit to the respective special track, each of which has a dedicated program committee.

Authors of accepted submissions will be expected to be in attendance at the virtual conference to present their research and respond to questions presented by delegates. All presenters must accept that it is not within the power of the organisers to prevent delegates from recording  talks. However, when registering, delegates will be asked to confirm that they will not record any part of the conference.


Submission Categories

The conference will include presentations of refereed Papers, Abstracts, and Posters, alongside a graduate symposium.

We invite submissions for peer review that focus on any aspect of diagrams research, as follows:

- Long Papers (16 pages),

- Abstracts (3 pages),

- Short Papers (8 pages),

- Posters (4 pages – this is both a maximum and minimum requirement).

More details and all important dates can be found on at www.diagrams-conference.org/2021.



Mikkel Willum Johansen

Associate professor

Department of Science Education

University of Copenhagen

Sunday, February 21, 2021

Hands, feet, heart, mind #MHNursesDay

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'One Pair of Feet' - How many marches to Downing Street ...?

My source: Katsoulis, M. Rereading, The Happy Prisoner by Monica Dickens, Saturday Review, The Times, 19 December, 2020, p.20. 

Book cover: Goodreads https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/18161452-one-pair-of-feet


Friday, February 19, 2021

Editorial: ".. Situating ‘illness narratives’ in recovery and mental health treatment"

"Models that put patients’ narratives at the core could perform as a connecting mechanism that provides a process to take account of ‘personalisation’, which is likely to create a better fit with individual context, structure and the complex diverse realities of recovery-oriented practice and routinely provided interventions." p.1.

Khan, N., & Tracy, D. (2021). The challenges and necessity of situating ‘illness narratives’ in recovery and mental health treatment. BJPsych Bulletin, 1-6. doi:10.1192/bjb.2021.4
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 co-concepts: 'recovery' & ‘illness narratives’-
 ‘Person-directed’ -
Define 'recovery' psychologically (my understanding of this?) -
Acceptability of terms 'service user', 'patient'... -
Patient autonomy* -
CHIME framework:
Connectedness, Hope - -
Identity, Meaning values - -
Symptom reduction & individual recovery? -
Measuring Recovery -
reflection and critical thinking -
personal individual storylines -
'Access' to information -
personal narratives & construction of meaning -
‘narratives on social reality’ -
'Lived experience' Peer Support -
Advanced planning: IF  THEN ... for me ... -
‘palliative psychiatric care’ -
- co-concepts 'recovery' & ‘illness narratives'
- 'Professionally directed’ treatment
- Define ''recovery' clinically (my understanding  of this?)
- Conceptual Framework: CHIME
- -
Connectedness, Hope – optimism, Identity, Meaning – purpose, and Empowerment.
- Symptom reduction & individual recovery?
- pathology, clinicians as ‘chemotherapists' Px pad
- Measuring Recovery
- Mental Health (Min) Dataset (decades) Data?
- h2cm: as simple/complicated as needed?
- - a measure of holism, integration ...recovery?
- - can conceptually encompass all 'spaces'
- h2cm remains a response to legacy issues
- - person-centred care
- - holistic care/ ['holistic bandwidth']
- - integrated care
- COVID-19 a corollary in ‘long-COVID’?
- 'Biology' coercive and  impersonal
Practitioner Socialisation - (learned paternalism?)
CHIME framework:
Connectedness, Hope, Meaning - values
Patient/Carer experience of CPA collaboration -
care planning - -
case formulation - -
and small group work - -
Meaningful illness narratives are a gift exchange:
providing meaning, emotive steadiness - -
narration & collective experience - -
Anthropological models of Recovery -
'Illness behaviour' -
pre-existing underlying relationship between the person and their illness - -
healthspan, health career, career span -
dialogues remain contested: patiency, recovery -
‘authentic alliances’ -
- 'Professionally directed’ treatment
- 'Recovery' spans Quality and Quantity
- Professionals ‘mainstream’ recovery concepts to their advantage?
- Recovery-orientated practice guidelines for service provision include:
--personal recovery
--recovery-oriented services
--provider competencies
- *Patient autonomy: can it be 'exercised' here?
- CHIME framework:
- - Empowerment, Identity (am I seen/heard here?)
- Care Programme Approach as Policy c.1991...
- - Assessment, Care plan, Review, Care Coord.
- - Role in Personalisation & Recovery?
- ‘Illness management’ 'Illness problems'
- ‘corporate’ recovery/criticism


My source: Twitter

'Recovery' on W2tQ:


Jones (2014) Using a conceptual framework to explore the dimensions of recovery and their relationship to service user choice and self-determination. Int J. of Person Centered Med. 3,4,305-311.

Thursday, February 18, 2021

Hodges' model - the pros ...

Having posted the cons, here are the pros with part of the initial twitter thread once again:

If it is not too confusing, many thanks to Peter Jones @innov8tor3 for the interest and engagement, much appreciated:

A further query followed:

The short answer is clearly that Hodges' model isn't the generic conceptual framework, it follows that is not global either. The reasons why are many and I've posted about several over the years, indirectly and more recently in a more direct manner:

My Moon Mission? "The Stack"

Hodges' model and trial by vampires ... 

Continuing the post on 'cons' here are the 'pros' outlined again along the INDIVIDUAL - GROUP axis (some re-ordering may be needed). To state from the outset that research on Hodges' model is limited, but there is hope for a basic resource for all:

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h2cm complements mind-mapping 1. -
a cognitive tool: the model has individual utility -
formulating the -
h2cm provides learners with a scaffold -
h2cm can help integrate, understand forms of (health, reflective) literacy/informatics -
overvalued? h2cm can encompass value & values -
seek pilot study res care / student well-being -
ownership: use 'health career model'? -
reflection and critical thinking still vital -
generation of ideas/associations IS the idea -
situation/context bounds model use and scope of inferences -
h2cm can be used for lifelong learning -
h2cm's application changes with user's vocabulary -
Peter's ready to pass this 'baton' -
Yes, Nurse 1st -
- h2cm is easy to explain, best via workshop
- there is a small bibliography [sidebar]
- - 2020 two new independent papers (2. below)
- research question is ongoing
[ dhyb 3.]
- there are ideas/theories h2cm can draw upon
- invented here: NW could celebrate
- literature still reflects on reflection
- student nurses do 'hear of' models & theory
- h2cm: as simple/complicated as needed?
- - measure of holism, integration ...?
- - can encompass all 'spaces'
- h2cm remains a response to legacy issues
- - person-centred care
- - holistic care/ ['holistic bandwidth']
- - integrated care
- 'exposure' to Drupal ongoing - learning+
- - Drupal distributions also an option?
- 'Peter' is in 'Persistence' (Go Perseverance!)*
h2cm can assist in 1-1 collaboration -
care planning - -
case formulation - -
and small group work - -
re. ownership: more 'cost of adoption' not high -
there is interest -
Yes, time to stop blogging/tweeting -
we need a tool to bridge lifespan, healthspan, health career, career span -
many dialogues remain contested, patiency, recovery: try this 'space?' -
h2cm can help represent the 'hidden' value of labour
social, relationships, psychological -
- Safety via Assurance role?
- - Spans Quality::Quantity of Care
- sense of ownership - make it 'yours'
- COVID-19 reveals need & role for h2cm
- the model is CC [power to your elbow?]
- funding for research would be a bonus
- - partnership / studies always welcome
- carry the model f/w to 'LeaveNoOneBehind'
- - address SDGs at 'home' too
- h2cm can also outline the scope of a discipline
- an original purpose was in curriculum design
- h2cm useful in evaluation/regulation
- still seeking benefits: [yes] policy instrument?
- reflection/r. practice stressed for nurse re-validation

Further additions / revisions may follow and to the cons post.

To expand on Drupal: the question of its appropriateness to build a new website/platform is not an omission. Drupal 9.0 - 10.0... appear to make the update process and overall experience for non-developers much more user-friendly. I'm looking f/w to a virtual DrupalCon North America in April.

A co-authored paper is on its third journal transfer. Then to address the two-part draft well advanced, related to a conference in July.




Hayward, B.A. (2020), Mental health nursing in bushfire‐affected communities: An autoethnographic insight. Int J Mental Health Nurs. doi:10.1111/inm.12765

Iris Lohja, Yves Demazeau, Christine Verdier. A multi-agent system approach to dynamic ridesharing for older people: State-of-the-art work and preliminary design. 18èmes Rencontres des Jeunes Chercheurs en Intelligence Artificielle, RJCIA’20, Jun 2020, Angers, France. pp.52-59. ⟨hal-02897446⟩ 

3. Don't hold your breath!

*... and yes, at times my head hurts. 

+ ... I think and yes to be demonstrated. If not, I do have a 'requirement' and there may be value in that..?

Tuesday, February 16, 2021

Hodges' model - the cons ...

Following a thread on twitter:

A further query followed:

The short answer is clearly that Hodges' model isn't the generic conceptual framework, it follows that it is not global either. The reasons why are many and I've posted about several over the years, indirectly and more recently in a more direct manner:

My Moon Mission? "The Stack"

Hodges' model and trial by vampires ... 

I thought it might be useful to outline the reasons here along the INDIVIDUAL - GROUP axis. 


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(Peter) overthinking -
h2cm is an overvalued idea -
formulating the -
too much thought not enough action -
sense of ownership (Hodges') not my model -
too many ideas spoils the broth -
is Peter holding on to this...? -
evidence of a personal initiative ? - -
Peter needs a mentor -
calls for reflection/crit. thinking seem rhetorical -
nurse 1st -
- - where is the data, evidence, theory, proof?
- 1980s - it is archaic
- research question

- not invented here: city, region, geography
- academia has moved on (models out of fashion)
- it is too simplistic
- it is too complicated
- where's the 'new' website/platform
- how long does it take [former site 1998-2015*]?
- a means to facilitate parity of esteem is missed
- the project's Petered out!
sense of ownership - not our [CoP] model -
not invented here: culturally non-neutral -
rename the domains they're too 'academic'
no interest, partners, collaborators -
Jones needs to stop blogging/tweeting -
it is a waste of time ...
RT - not endorsement :: or even interest -
- sense of ownership - not our model
- not invented here (inst./nationalism/political)
- copyright? It's CC - Oh we see ...
- funding for research / studies
- - (MRES 2017 self-funded)
- what are the benefits (across the model and spiritually)?
- this approach smells of a tick-box approach, a means to a universal multidisciplinary worker?
- Wigan Pier does not have a Jet d'Eau

 CoP - Community of Practice 

*Former website: (Web.archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20110903000318/http://www.p-jones.demon.co.uk/index.htm )

Monday, February 15, 2021

The Human Touch ...

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how to touch another person's mind

if 'seeing is believing',
touch is ... ...

physical touch
making a mark
leaving a trace

how distant       nature's touch?
weather's touch is Constant

may I ... touch ...

policy touches
how light & legitimate
a State's touch?



Sooke, A. A reminder of how important it is to touch, The Daily Telegraph, 15 January, 2021, p.24.

Saturday, February 13, 2021

Armed Forces: 'Shell Shock'

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... but the opposite can hold true for psychological trauma, an injury as insidious as it is invisible."

"It is often said that time heals all wounds - maybe ...


'Theatre' of ...

"A Brave Face"

Matthew Green, Aftershock 

"shell shock" - Charles Myers, February 1915, Case One, The Lancet.



My source: Green, M. The home front, FTWeekend, Life&Arts, 25-26 August 2018. pp.1-2.

Friday, February 12, 2021

Thomas Project. A Border Journal for Utopian Thoughts

Thomas Project. A Border Journal for Utopian Thoughts

Thomas Project. A Border Journal for Utopian Thoughts

Article submission date: 10th May 2021

Issue: June / July 2021

Languages: english, portuguese, italian, french, spanish

Invited paper: Prof. dr. José Eduardo Franco

Throughout history, many utopian visions and theories have claimed to take a “global” or “universalist” approach, i.e. to speak for the whole of humankind. As such, utopian thought, like all spiritual, political and artistic configurations, is based on anthropological premises that are directly concerned with the worldview of an age – a worldview that some authors, many situated at the borders of their own age, consider worth pursuing for the sake of humankind as a whole.

The “global” scope of utopian visions gives rise to utopian plans that, if realized, could radically undermine the authors’ purposes, transforming the happy form of life they envisage into a totalitarian reality. Here we face the risk, run by many utopias, of creating dystopias.

Nevertheless, precisely through this approach, we find – within explicitly critical and satirical forms – a focus on the liberation of the weaker parts of society and an inclusive understanding of human problems. After all, political and spiritual movements – as well as many of the declarations on whose premises human rights are based, such as the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen (1789) and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) – are children of both the utopian spirit and the historical tragedies of their age.

Studying the universalistic focus of the history of utopia thus involves studying the many forms through which a society conceives of itself beyond itself, its boundaries and its weaknesses. In this sense, our globalized age is also a child of global, philosophical, political, spiritual and technological utopias.

One of the most recent fields of research in this area focuses on “globalization” as a key consequence of modernity. The last thirty years have witnessed a series of phenomena the rapidity and innovativeness of which are far from being completely understood: on the one hand, the incredible digital, technological acceleration of the past few decades and the transformation of the capitalistic economy; on the other hand, the apparent creation of a world characterized by forms of living and challenges that are increasingly common to the whole of humankind.

Globalization taken in itself and the global phenomena that characterize our contemporary civilization embody images from past global utopian endeavors while producing their own global utopian visions.

For this issue, we are seeking articles that examine this theme in general, and the following sub-themes in particular:

  • forms and images of global utopia:
  • contemporary global utopias;
  • global utopias throughout modern utopian thought;
  • globalization as utopia and dystopia;
  • the forms and history of the global city.

We welcome submissions that take a philosophical, literary, artistic, theological or political approach and that are written in one of the journal’s five languages: English, Italian, Portuguese, French or Spanish.

Editorial rules: here

For the full CfA, please follow this link: http://www.thomasproject.net/global-utopias/

Send your article to: redazionethomasproject AT gmail.com

My source:

Philos-L "The Liverpool List" is run by the Department of Philosophy, University of Liverpool 


Thursday, February 11, 2021

Identity Politics by Charles Gaines

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subjective representation
numbers , mapping , faces , contour
plotting , trees

My source: Griffin, J. Layers of complexity, FTWeekend, Life&Arts, 23-24 January, 2021. p.13.

 n.b. Yes, there is bias in terms of sources on this blog, but the FTWeekend is not cheap.

Wednesday, February 10, 2021

data-verse 1 by Ryoji Ikeda

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My source: Ings, S. Sublime numbers, FTWeekend, Life&Arts, 30 Nov-1 Dec 2019, p.15.

Friday, February 05, 2021

Book review: iv "Leave No One Behind" #LNOB

Chapter 6 on Leapfrogging is significant, addressing not just education but access to a 21st Century education. I'm also conscious that as per the reviews I tend to leapfrog all over the (cognitive) space. There's quite a choice of words in the opening sentence: in education having a crucial role in dealing with the burning problems the world faces. Winthrop and Ziegler provide music for my ears as "we need to embrace new mental models for rapidly accelerating .. leapfrogging - education progress (p.109). More than half of all school-age children (884 million) will not be on track to achieve secondary-level skills, that include critical thinking and problem solving (pp.109-110). A process often deployed in providing education is explained:

The context remains global. The USA and the contrast between rich and poor students at 40 points (PISA) is the largest in the world. Five countries could, by 2030, account for half of all children who do not complete primary schooling. As before, notes and links flow thick and fast:  


We know the robots are advancing but there is hope in education, with 69 million new teachers being needed to achieve SDG 4. Healthcare, medicine and nursing especially provides its own workforce opportunities. COVID is showing us that you can have rapid provision of 'Nightingale Hospitals' but without staff ...? In intensive care, person-centred, or at least very-focused [Sciences-Physical] care, relies on 1:1 nurse patient ratio or better; without this staff multitasking, you are burning a candle at both ends. In education many nations, as we read, need extra teachers to reduce class sizes. The leapfrog is needed due to a hundred-year gap in 21st century education (p.113). Again, again: the need for new ways to advance education, "characterised by new mental models..." (p.114) and "... without harnessing new models we will never succeed." 

Reading, I scream* "Hey, the model's over here!" as there is more:

"Fourth, [ :-) ] and perhaps most important, while many actors in the global education community might argue that the idea of embracing new models so all young people can get a twenty-first century education is simply too difficult or unrealistic, there is s strong demand from national governments to do just that." p.115.

I realise there are many models implied here, but Hodges' model can I am sure play a role.

Late in the chapter there is a definition of leapfrogging, which put this on a more serious footing (really). I often wonder if those who speak about holistic, person-centred, integrated care or whatever that they can recognise x,y,z at the end of the day. Here there are directions on recognition of leapfrogging and its elements.

Essentially, leapfrogging has the above steps running in parallel.

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cognitive ACCESS
student-centred, QUALITY
individualised learning
scaling up [conceptual framework!]
virtual leapfrog lab
physical ACCESS
places, QUALITY
technology and data

the ELEPHANT in the domain:

people & 'places' diverse
social access - gender equality

policy design
funding, RELEVANCE
ACCESS governance/assurance
'reading' the data - evaluation
political 'mind-set' shift

There are examples, describing the situation in several countries. 

Another scream rings forth*, as I read that most efforts "have focused on identifying and highlighting innovations," and for the authors, "putting forward a conceptual framework that identifies which innovations have the potential to leapfrog."p.124. 

I'm skipping chapter 7 not because of some problem, it is another pearl and concerning 'universal health coverage' it ties to a paper my co-author and I have just re-submitted. The challenge is time, posts i-iii to date and two further books, plus two other well advanced drafts.

Following community informatics for many years and other sources, a pivotal aspect of gender equality is finance: enter chapter 8 - No women excluded from financial services. Social and economic history, community mental health work in the UK demonstrates the need to target certain welfare (e.g. child) benefits - to women to ensure it is spent as intended. Also apparent are the changes c/o technology. This book does refer to the leapfrog phenomenon in telephony. Many African nations moving to mobile communications skipping a whole generation (or two ...) of telecom infrastructure. Similarly though there is the demise of cash. If people do not have a bank account they miss out and so does the national respective, whether a citizen, or not (recognised). 

For students, the lay reader ... again I can recommend the copious sources:


If the elephant in the SCIENCES - Physical - empirical knowledge domain is geography, in the POLITICAL domain since at least Stiglitz's 'Roaring 90s' it is not just poverty, but the quantitative comparisons that have been made for several decades between the ultrapoor and the ultrawealthy. I remember reading of how certain 'wealth managers' have moved further 'upmarket'. Along the lines of - £10 million? Don't bother us! The repercussions of the 2008 financial crisis are still unresolved, the damage ongoing on so many measures. A crisis not just exacerbated by COVID, but lacerated across all communities and nations; but where is ground zero in terms of the real impact (sorry!)? This chapter considers all the SDGs and gender-equitable financial inclusion (Table 8-1, p.151). There are studies, results, rationale for why having an account matters and a global perspective. As mentioned COVID has helped my regards the individual <-> group axis. Chapter 8 explains intranational and intra-community variations in terms of the gender gap in having an account with a financial institution or mobile service (p.158).

Chapter 9 gave me 'income floors' and the effectiveness of tax-funded transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa. The insights into research explained here by Lustig, Jellema and Pabon that 'D'evelopment is another future employment avenue with something of a 'humanistic moat' to protect it from algorithmic incursions. Although the book via the Brookings Institute points to the opportunities that AI can provide in this field. Again resources abound:



Learning of  'income floors' I wonder about the (disciplinary) extent of these floors, especially as Lustig et al. bring in 'perfectly-targeted' with 'spending-neutral', 'poverty gap' and 'poverty line'. Tables and graphs support explanation of  methodology, with the results from specific countries. Contrast and comparison is a great way to learn, no less here with poverty, tax burden and alternative policy strategies (p.180). This might sound dry, but the book engages, provokes thought, if anything it makes you thirsty for more. 'Forthcoming' work is sign-posted, so this work, the figures, stats are very much dynamic and alive as befits Agenda2030. It has to be given identification of 'fiscal impoverishment' and VAT leaks.

PART III Places: Following informatics since  the 80s I have, from the  periphery, followed the development and deployment of geographic information systems. The opening of Chapter 10 on spatial targeting of poverty hotspots, returned to the concrete reality of geography with my note of children -  'life chances' and the 'health career' (p.209). There is reliance on the history (back to Roman times) and evidence of socio-economic development, the change from rural to urbanization. Unfortunately, if you are a lover of 'dark skies' a measure used is nightlights (p.213) with agriculture as a driver. Limitations in terms of conclusions is stated, data lacking for a subnational picture. The authors investigate the characteristics of poverty hotspots and why some places develop and others do not. Policy issues leads to discussion of human capital, the critical contribution of education and health. I've followed HIFA.org for many years - health information for all. The aim here is to ensure that geography does not dictate the destiny of large numbers of people in developing nations.

[There is a further astrophysical point when satellite imaging can determine the viability of crops, the type of shelters/housing in areas, picking out tin roofs for example. Contrast this with the increased population in low and high Earth orbit and need to 'tidy-up'.]

Chapter 11 provided another lesson the INDIVIDUAL-GROUP axis. The role of cities within the state and ongoing trauma experienced within fragile states, with their vulnerable populations. The difference between social and personal justice. I contrasted 'fragility' with 'frailty' in healthcare. The quality does not wane in the final chapters and there is a logical progression here as we'll see. 

Table 11.1 is a gift for Hodges' model: Drivers of Fragility.

"This overview and analysis of the numerous indicators of fragility brings nuance to the discussion on why defining fragility has been thus far inconclusive and inadequate in inspiring solutions to fragility in all contexts." (p.242).
'All contexts' - I wonder?

There are quite a few indices in the book; State Fragility Index here and the role of Foreign Direct Investment. There are phrases, no doubt common-place in the development lexicon, but they beg deeper understanding - large-scale conflict and low-level violence (empathy and solutions!). Interdisciplinary research is needed to understand the causal linkages at various levels. Table 11.2 'Current Approaches to Fragility', I would think is a great resource for students. 'Military-urbanism' is another characteristic of fragile states. If you think of hearing about global unrest in the world, where is it most likely located? There are several pages (with a table) explaining Matland's conflict-ambiguity model (p.269). The chapter also points to formal international declarations and agendas around which the global response can be coordinated and progress assessed. I'm really encouraged about the 'big picture' credentials of Hodges' model as although they may often be unfortunately concurrent, targeting of poverty hotspots has a companion in targeting fragile states.

All the contributors achieve quite a feat. Although the SDGs are on the book's cover, they are not the cacophony they could be. The history from the Millennium Development Goals does emerge, and from this how the SDGs stand out, in this instance SDG 11 (cities). I've maps of Calgary from 1979 and 1989, an education comparing. We nurses are motivated by being able (if enabled) to make a difference. I do envy those with career pathways to find / tread. What a difference city planners must make too. An impact that is also transdisciplinary. There is still some uncertainty, a need for agreement on the definition of 'urban'. I've approached a community informatics list for any thoughts.

Logical progression and organisation of the book is obvious, as chapter 12 deals with the importance of city leadership. References to events on 'Smart Cities' have been legion for many years, so hopefully technical solutions will not distract for the hybrid leadership skills that are now needed. The need for a ''holistic' picture of urban environments (p.284) is made, perhaps a piece  of the jig-saw, I saw comparing those maps 1979-1989. 

In so many cities there are vulnerable populations. The issue of financial and bank account access and having an address has already been made. Once again, here Pipa and Conroy raise the problem of lack of data. A solution is needed to leapfrog the usual  'household surveys' to provide data and information informing VNR Vulnerable Nation Reviews (p.285) presented to the UN. Allied with transdisciplinary is 'multisolving' (p.289) and perhaps 'humanics' also posted recently? Summing up "cities frame the global frontier in the fight for fairness" (p.292). Following the (real) news and media you inevitably read of cities on the coast and vulnerable to rising oceans. Some nations of seeking to move cities / capitals and build capitals anew. Clearly a space to watch in so any ways.

Finally, chapter 13 has a section all its own: 'On Politics' and as per post #1 underscored my need to read critically on feminism and intersectionality. The focus is feminist leadership. This is excellent material by Paul O'Brien, that begins with a quote:

 It's the combination of feminist leadership and typology of power that is liberating and potentially community affirming that I enjoyed. This is educational as it opens up the level of sophistication, depth of involvement and expertise of NGOs and charities, in this case Oxfam (with acknowledgement of recent history and the need for governance and accountability). So, how are your 'zero sum realities'? Just as the book addresses the SDGs continuously, but in an understated manner, there's a very important point made in the fact that the purpose of the SDGs is not redistributing power, but improving "well-being" or human "development" (p.304). The discussion on power, reminded me of the term 'non-rivalrous' from another (lengthy) book review:


Perhaps I missed it, but tax (p.312) does not appear in the otherwise comprehensive index. The preceding listing of the book's contributors is helpful. The closing critique of what LNOB represents is a key take-away, one of several, but significant as the calendar moves closer to 2030.

Many thanks to the publisher for my copy and to all involved in this book The world needs ER now. Agenda 2030 must not be derailed. This book is Essential Reading ... especially to help me achieve a holistic overview of development, the scope and specifics of the SDGs. (paper pending)

HUMANISTIC----------------------------------------------- MECHANISTIC

Homi Kharas, John W. McArthur and Izumi Ohno, (Eds.) 2020. Leave No One Behind: Time for Specifics on the Sustainable Development Goals, Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution Press. 

*(mentally of course)

Wednesday, February 03, 2021

Between the humanistic AND mechanistic ...

There is need for a new academic discipline, a hybrid called -

- a hybrid between the humanities and the STEM disciplines
HUMANISTIC -------------------------------------------  MECHANISTIC
intra- interpersonal
culture and society

 "A “robot-proof” education, Aoun argues, is not concerned solely with topping up students’ minds with high-octane facts. Rather, it calibrates them with a creative mindset and the mental elasticity to invent, discover, or create something valuable to society—a scientific proof, a hip-hop recording, a web comic, a cure for cancer. Aoun lays out the framework for a new discipline, humanics, which builds on our innate strengths and prepares students to compete in a labor market in which smart machines work alongside human professionals.

The only certainty about the future is change. Higher education based on the new literacies of humanics can equip students for living and working through change."


STEM, in full is science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

Joseph E. Aoun (2017) Robot-Proof Higher Education in the Age of Artificial Intelligence. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
 My source: Livsey, A. The human factor, FT Weekend, Life&Arts, 20-21 January, 2018. p.9.

Tuesday, February 02, 2021

Let's build on solid foundations

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

If property, especially housing and places of work are 'located' in an earthquake - seismic hazard zone then there must be laws and regulations that define and assure a level of resilience in the construction and / or time to evacuate.

If people are living in high-rise accommodation then there must be governance, law, standards and tests to check the safety, strength, flame resistance of materials used in construction and fabrication.


 Image: https://www.vippng.com/preview/iTwxbRo_june-1-2-transparent-philadelphia-skyline-outline/

Monday, February 01, 2021

Caleb's Crossing ... "Harvard's native son"

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic



Mr Stephen Coit, the artist who produced the portrait above, also emailed ...

"Here are some notes on the painting that you might find interesting:

-- For Caleb's face, I used images of the earliest photographs I could find -- well over 100 years old -- of young men Caleb's age who were members of the Wampanoag Aquinnah on the Vineyard.  These would have been taken before intermarriage happened with any frequency with other groups.  While I was visiting their headquarters in Martha's Vineyard, the tribe elders uncovered and gave me permission to use these images for this project.  There are no extant images of Caleb's actual appearance anywhere that I could find at Harvard or anywhere else.

-- I planned for this to appear as if Caleb's portrait had been commissioned the year of his graduation, 1665.  In that era, many early colonial era leaders likely went to Europe to have portraits done, and they were often painted in a Dutch style after Rembrandt.  See John Eliot's portrait painted in 1659, (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Eliot_(missionary).)  Note that Rembrandt died four years after Caleb graduated.

-- Seeking a Dutch painter of that era to inspire Caleb's portrait, I noticed that Girl with Pearl Earring by Vermeer was done the same year as Caleb's graduation, 1665. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girl_with_a_Pearl_Earring)  Because I love Vermeer and his work, I chose to portray Caleb's drawing on the style of Vermeer, specifically using the light, setting and composition of Vermeer's, The Milkmaid.  The table, the book, the Turkish tapestry over the table in the portrait all confirm to Dutch portraiture conventions.

-- The bag on the wall is a portrayal of "Caleb's bag" in Harvard's Peabody Museum (https://www.peabody.harvard.edu/node/495.)

-- The map on the wall, again drawing on the style of Vermeer, is a map of Martha's Vineyard from the late 1600's showing the region on that island where Caleb was from.  

-- Caleb's dress, his hair style and his collar were as accurate for that era as I could determine.  

-- The room is plausibly a room in the Indian College at Harvard with morning light coming in to Harvard Yard from the southeast.  I wondered whether the leaded window panes would be rectangular or diamond shaped; an architectural historian assured me they could have been either.

-- The one element that would not have been a Dutch convention was the quill in Caleb's hand.  For Caleb's quill, honoring his history and tradition, he and I chose a turkey quill."
My sincere thanks to Mr Coit for permission to use the above image.


This post came together for me as there is a nurse theory group:

Their online meetings begin as follows:
For e.g.

"Guest on the traditional territories of the Coast Salish people, specifically the Nisqually and Squaxin Island peoples."

Living in England and a 'Jones' I mentioned a Celtic heritage (assumed - I should add) and awareness of Welsh valley flooding to create reservoirs (and in England - in the Lake District).

As for all at present, continuing to sort papers I came across the above newspaper cutting from 2011:
Dunn, P. Harvard's native son, The (Sunday?) Times, 16 April, 2011, p.11.
Book cover source: https://www.worldofbooks.com/en-us