Hodges' Model: Welcome to the QUAD

- provides a space devoted to the conceptual framework known as Hodges' model. Read about this tool that can help integrate HEALTH, SOCIAL CARE, INFORMATICS and EDUCATION. The model can facilitate PERSON-CENTREDNESS, CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, HOLISTIC CARE and REFLECTION. Follow the development of a new website using Drupal (it might happen one day!!). See our bibliography, posts since 2006 and if interested please get in touch [@h2cm OR h2cmng AT yahoo.co.uk]. Welcome.

Monday, October 16, 2017

'Virtuous Practice in Nursing' Research Report c/o The Jubilee Centre


humanistic --------------------------------------- mechanistic
individual character                virtues and values
philosophy         ethics        courage           
commitment             [moral
selection / recruitment criteria
     caring         attitudes       compassion
reflective practice-think, think, think?
knowledge and skills
subjective - 'soft'?
time, pressures, tasks, robotic
theory -(ethical)- practice
evidence-based care 
objective - 'hard science'?
e-learning platforms-things to read, read, read?
(professional) socialisation
role modelling
mentoring         practice
patient's experience    communication
public perception, media
public involvement

Professional bodies

autonomy     whistleblowing      advocacy   
 career pathway, education and training, organisational culture, appraisal and development of staff
management, business, finance*

See also 'Virtuous Medical Practice' plus others*

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Sunday, October 15, 2017

Why Music? The Key to Memory

Wellcome Collection hosts a weekend of fascinating programmes
on music and the mind via BBC Radio 3.

humanistic --------------------------------------- mechanistic

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Saturday, October 14, 2017

Join HIFA for a global discussion on Evidence-Informed Humanitarian Action! Starts 16 October 2017

Join HIFA for a global discussion on Evidence-Informed Humanitarian Action! HIFA is collaborating with Evidence Aid to promote evidence-informed humanitarian action in the run-up to Humanitarian Evidence Week. The discussion is planned and implemented by the HIFA Project on Library and Information Services (with special focus on Population Health, Disasters, and Disease Outbreaks) with support from Public Health England (an executive agency of the Department of Health in the United Kingdom).
The HIFA discussion will run from 16 October to 12 November. We aim to bring humanitarians together with library and information professionals to explore ways to improve the quality, usefulness, availability and use of healthcare information for humanitarian action. The discussion will explore the diverse information needs in different geographical areas and humanitarian contexts (eg earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, drought, disease outbreaks, conflict). We shall look at the role of systematic reviews, international and national guidelines, policy briefs, manuals (such as the Sphere Handbook) among others. 
Here are some of the themes/questions we shall explore:
  1. What do we mean by evidence-informed humanitarian action (preparedness and response)?
  2. What kind of evidence do humanitarians need, and why?
  3. Call for examples and case studies: Where has evidence been lacking and what has been the result?
  4. Call for examples and case studies: Where has evidence made a difference?
  5. How can humanitarians access and use evidence more effectively?
  6. How can humanitarians and information professionals work together more effectively?

What is Humanitarian Evidence Week?

Humanitarian Evidence Week (6-12 November 2017) is an initiative led by Evidence Aid to promote projects, initiatives, research, products and views related to the generation, use or dissemination of evidence in support of humanitarian action. More than 30 organisations are involved this year, including the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicines, Oxfam, and Save the Children. Read more here 

Also... Webinar: HIFA and National Library of Medicine, 9th November 2017

HIFA is also presenting a webinar in collaboration with the US National Library of Medicine. Details will be available here shortly.

Help to promote Humanitarian Evidence Week - send a tweet!

Hashtags: #HEW2017 / #HumanitarianEvidence
Join the #HEW2017 to explore the world of #HumanitarianEvidence - 6 to 12 Nov - visit https://goo.gl/CVDQPS - #humanitarian
#HEW2017 - Over 20 organisations showcasing their commitment to #HumanitarianEvidence - 6 to 12 Nov - Visit https://goo.gl/CVDQPS - #humanitarian
Interested in #HumanitarianEvidence - join the #HEW2017 from 6 to 12 Nov - Visit https://goo.gl/CVDQPS - #humanitarian
Knowing what works and what doesn't is crucial - Learn more about #HumanitarianEvidence during the #HEW2017 https://goo.gl/CVDQPS  

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Wednesday, October 11, 2017

I-dentity: How the Individual-Group runs...

humanistic --------------------------------------- mechanistic

questions of identity

← politics of identity

My source:
Grayling, A.C. (2009) Liberty In The Age Of Terror - A Defense Of Civil Liberties And Enlightenment Values. London: Bloomsbury. p.35.
"As a contribution to understanding why liberty matters, one has to understand why questions of identity, and the politics of identity, constitute a threat to liberty."

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Tuesday, October 10, 2017

World Mental Health Day: Using Hodges' model to anticipate...

.... a Person's reaction to Respite Care

humanistic --------------------------------------- mechanistic
cognitive problems - usual routine
prior visits - positive experience
personal space
person-centred approach - listened to, acknowledged, afforded dignity and respect
able to 'exercise' choice even if a struggle
non-verbal communication
mood, withdrawal, behaviour change
facial appearance, voices (unconscious?) reminder of friend or foe from distant past?
staff knowledge of person - likes / dislikes - favoured activities, distractions
personal care preferences
recognising distress, anxiety
sleep pattern disturbance
ambiance - atmosphere
noise, smell
sense of constructive activities
impact of visual cues, case, travel bag, coat..
impact of infections
ventilation, draughts
variety of spaces, large, small, able to gravitate towards preferred places
places to wander
access to garden
territory "That's my chair!"
comfort, chair, bed, pillows...
belongings, valuables (avoid)
assessment at client's own home
personal-social history
degree of dependency
negotiating goodbyes, hellos
personalities of care staff, other residents
clash of personalities
or developing attachments, other resident mistaken for spouse?
life experience, forces,
disinhibition at various levels, invading someone's personal space, taking their things, touching them, 'surprising' them
to visit or not - friends other family?
cost of care - time away from home?
contingency plans (contacts) if agitated,
acutely distressed, aggression
diversity - residents and staff
mental capacity
deprivation of liberty
locked doors
observation 24 hour checks -
(expect the unexpected)
staff uniform or non-uniform
the political ambiance - homely, cold - impersonal, formal
community nurse follow-up -
alt assessment environment
authoritarian - fixed routine
'house rules'
cost of care - funding?

World Mental Health Day

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Monday, October 09, 2017

Event: 'Critical Thinking and Health in Music Education' mapped to Hodges' model

humanistic --------------------------------------- mechanistic

health promotion
qualitative : quantitative
subjective : objective

reflection - CRITICAL THINKING (training)

psychological demands of training

health and well-being impacts -
stress, anxiety, depression...

pressure on individual to change lifestyle
neuromyths - beliefs

individual attitude, health literacy through related knowledge and skills
Socratic method

individual courage
music education


evidence - research

musical instruments
physical human - player instrumental demands

practice, environment

health and well-being impacts - musculoskeletal, neurological, audiological...

rigour in empirical investigations

question formulation
culture - tradition (norms and myths)

expectations of peers and seniors

group discussion
conservative - conformity

history, social change

'cohort courage'
high standards

professional attitudes

empowerment, self-advocacy

citizens - world view

policy and management practices

Please see the original post for the - context and event details 14 Nov 2017

The context of music education and specifically what sounds like the socio-politics of education reminds of the healthcare. That is the socialisation of healthcare professionals. I can see this as a former student nurse and today with student nurses and many workplace conversations with doctors. The experiences and attitudes towards junior doctors and the hours they work stand out. Not all of course, but many juniors found the most vociferous defenders of the status quo were the Senior Consultants. This could be summed up as: "It was good enough for us....!"

I picked up a euphonium at school. Yes, her name was Denise and she was in the school brass band. I quickly put the instrument down, preferring the fields and woods after school. The heart strings still resonate though a great many decades later. Discovering the guitar since and Raluca Matei and her colleagues planned event I can appreciate the word 'interface' in a new way. This is learning not just the music, but that special interface between the musical instrumental and the would-be player.

There is also a sense that Hodges' model is an instrument and interface ...?

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Sunday, October 08, 2017

'Critical Thinking and Health in Music Education' 14 Nov 2017 Manchester

Raluca Matei posted this item to the Mental Health in Higher Education hub. The resonances with the purposes of Hodges' model are clear to me. With Raluca's permission I will map the themes of this event to Hodges' model in a further post. There is no primary link for the event itself, please see the contact details below:

Dear All,

My name is Raluca and I am an AHRC-funded PhD student in psychology and health promotion among musicians, at the Royal Northern College of Music (RNCM), in Manchester. Together with Keith Phillips, a fellow PhD student in music psychology, we are organising ‘Critical thinking and health and music education’, a one-day event to be held at RNCM, on 14 November 2017, with funding from the North West Consortium Doctoral Training Partnership (NWCDTP). 

OK…but why do that at all? 

  • The physical and psychological demands of the training and practice that musicians must achieve to perform to a high standard on their instruments can produce deleterious effects on health and wellbeing, arising mostly from musculoskeletal, neurological and audiological causes. 
  • Although there is a need for more rigour in the empirical investigation of potential interventions to address musicians’ health and wellbeing, British conservatoires remain guided more by tradition than the available evidence. Their websites still endorse practices that are either not supported by research (despite their popularity among musicians) or are so poorly defined that they can hardly be researched and investigated. This retrograde outlook encourages a rather conservative and conformist attitude that is prevalent among musicians. 
  • An unfair emphasis on individuals to enact changes in lifestyle is continuously being pushed, while the larger cultural, social and environmental factors remain vastly unaltered and particularly resistant to change. 
  • We argue that the above are at least partially due to the lack of critical thinking training and health education among music students and their teachers. Introducing such training might not only increase their health literacy (i.e. the achievement of health-related knowledge and relevant set of skills), but also empower them individually and as a group to question the status quo and assertively demand for changes to be made accordingly, to their own benefit, rather than submissively adapt to cultural norms informed by the mere passage of time and the burden of tradition. 
  • Although such changes require considerable resources and never happen immediately, we argue that we need to start by asking questions. The literature suggests that critical thinking needs specific training and doesn’t necessarily happen by itself, especially given that one would need exceptional courage and to assume some risk to go against ingrained cultural norms. 
  • Given that the role of higher education is not solely to prepare students for existing jobs but also to turn them into informed citizens, critical thinking can help them to shape the world and to embody the change they want to see. In addition, efforts focused on changing policy and management practices might be more effective, realistic and beneficial for a larger number of people than solely attempting to change individuals. 
And what are you aiming for? 

  • To raise awareness of and debunk various myths that are being circulated in music education in relation to psychology and health
  • To discuss about the importance of critical thinking in education and what the available literature tells us about effective interventions aimed at training it
  • To discuss how we can, as researchers, bridge the gap between the evidence and the practical real world, as well as educational policies
  • To discuss the findings of the first paper on neuromyths among music teachers and how these might inform future practice 
  • To discuss potential ways in which the specific training of critical thinking could be incorporated into the pedagogical training of musicians
  • To address the link between critical thinking and health promotion in music education 
  • To discuss how the Socratic method might be used in training critical thinking 
  • To brainstorm ideas on how critical thinking and psychology might be incorporated as part of musicians’ formal training – examples will be provided from the latest research in the field 

How would I benefit from this?

Free access to an interdisciplinary, ground-breaking event on critical thinking in higher education
The chance to be innovative within your own field and even initiate new professional pathways
The opportunity to meet students, researchers and practitioners from your field of interest, as well as from related fields
The opportunity to have your ideas discussed within an exploratory round table discussion, given that we will allow plenty of room for this!

Our speakers include:

  • Prof. Reinhard Kopiez, Professor of Music Psychology, Hanover University of Music, Drama and Media
  • Prof. Jane Ogden, Professor of Health Psychology, University of Surrey

The event will incorporate a considerable amount of group discussion, in an attempt to dive into a rather innovative field and hopefully reach some meaningful conclusions and suggest a few solutions. 

Our event is highly interdisciplinary, and it is open to postgraduate students, researchers and specialists in:

  • Music (Performance and Education)
  • Psychology
  • Philosophy
  • Education sciences and policy
  • Medicine (with a focus on health education, health promotion and prevention, as well as public health)
  • Science journalism/Science communication 

Although attendance is free, places are limited and registration will be based on a brief expression of interest. We ask potential participants to explain the nature of their research, interests and/or background, and detail why this event is relevant to them in writing to us by Sunday, 15 October 2017

Finally, we will keep the format and content flexible and depending on the background and interests of attendees, the conversations we will be having can follow various pathways. 

Raluca Matei – raluca.matei AT student.rncm.ac.uk   
Keith Phillips – keith.phillips AT student.rncm.ac.uk   

Please do email one of us for further details. Additionally, If you could please forward this to any relevant postgraduate students, researchers and/or specialists, I would be immensely grateful! 

With many thanks and kind wishes,


Raluca Matei MSc, BMus, MBPsS
AHRC-funded PhD student in psychology and health promotion 
Royal Northern College of Music, 
Email: raluca.matei AT student.rncm.ac.uk   

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Saturday, October 07, 2017

Can Graphic Design Save Your Life? Wellcome Collection

humanistic --------------------------------------- mechanistic

My source: Durrant, N. (2017). Health crisis? Global epidemic? Quick, call a graphic designer! The Times, Saturday Review, August 19, pp. 8-9.



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Thursday, October 05, 2017

modelling - Health, AI & Law (redundancy warning!)

humanistic --------------------------------------- mechanistic

We are pleased to announce the 1st International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Health (AI4Health), to be held on January 19 - 21, 2018 in Funchal, Madeira (Portugal) as part of 11th International Conference on Health Informatics (HEALTHINF) of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies (BIOSTEC).


We are pleased to announce the 1st International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Health (AI4Health), to be held on January 19 - 21, 2018 in Funchal, Madeira (Portugal) as part of 11th International Conference on Health Informatics (HEALTHINF) of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies (BIOSTEC).

We are pleased to announce the 1st International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Health (AI4Health), to be held on January 19 - 21, 2018 in Funchal, Madeira (Portugal) as part of 11th International Conference on Health Informatics (HEALTHINF) of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies (BIOSTEC).

The Workshop on Artificial Intelligence Applications in Law at AI-2017 is intended to demonstrate a variety of AI techniques applied within the legal domain. Contributions are invited describing any application in any domain of law (including compliance with regulations; policing; legal aspects of public or corporate policy; and evidence management) that uses AI techniques. The application should either be deployed already or expecting to be deployed in the near future.

Submitted extended abstracts (2 pages) will be reviewed. The authors of the best abstracts will be invited to submit full workshop papers, which will be further reviewed. Deadline: Friday October 6th.

This is one of the workshops at AI-2017, the thirty-seventh annual conference of SGAI, the BCS Specialist Group on Artificial Intelligence. There are also workshops on 'Autonomic Systems That Learn', 'Autonomous Robots' and 'Case-Based Reasoning'. See http://www.bcs-sgai.org/ ai2017/?section=workshops for more details.

The AI-2017 conference will be held at Peterhouse College, Cambridge from December 12th-14th (http://www.bcs-sgai.org/ ai2017/). The workshops are on the first day which may be booked separately as a one-day event.

Yes. There is a lot of informational redundancy in this post. And yet Health, Law and AI (artificial intelligence) can of course be applied within all the care domains of Hodges' model.

In addition to publicising these opportunities, I wonder if given the legacy problems we have in healthcare:
  • parity of esteem between physical and mental health;
  • the projected allocation of beds and funding to social care across regions;
  • the application use of the Mental Health Act within ethnic groups;
(Can the integration of care be linked to an instrument like 'holistic bandwidth'?)
- and some other more recent issues:
  • assisted living Vs. assisted dying (dare we?);
  • what care processes should not be automated (yet?).
- AI might be applied to the more humanistic problems - duly reframed as opportunities - that healthcare faces and provides?

My sources emails from:
Giovanna Sannino
Max Bramer

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Wednesday, October 04, 2017

England: Your invitation to Health Insights Manchester 28 November

Manchester Health Insights: 28 November
Museum of Science and Industry – Garratt Suite
Liverpool Road
M3 4FP
FREE for NHS colleagues
Dear colleague
I am writing to invite you to Health Insights in Manchester - an exclusive one-day summit that will explore the very latest in health IT strategy and implementation across the region. The summit takes place on Tuesday 28 November at the Museum of Science and Industry. To register for your complimentary ticket, follow this link and fill in the brief registration form.
A regional view on digital maturity 
The November series of Health Insights, run by HIMSS UK, will have a sharp focus on how health and care organisations in Manchester and Greater Manchester are shifting their attention to the digitalisation of whole areas, cities and regions.  
Agenda highlights: 

·        NHS Digital's Martin Spotswood, Regional Head of Implementation and Business Change, NHS Digital, will lead a session on the value of implementation and business change and the support available to colleagues in the region to make this happen
·        Dr Sohail Munshi, GP, Chair, Manchester Primary Care Partnership, and Chief Medical Officer, Manchester Provider Board, will talk about the work in Manchester to create a Local Care Organisation (LCO), which will give patients better, more coordinated care closer to where they live 
·        Jason DaCosta, Executive Director of IT, Warrington and Halton Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, will lead a session on the Trust's journey to digitalisation 
·        Gary Leeming, Chief Technology Officer, Connected Health Cities, and Director of informatics, Greater Manchester Academic Health Science Network, will present on the data informatics work he is involved in
·        Dr Simon Irving and colleagues from Bolton NHS Foundation Trust, will lead a session on the Trust's recent work to implement a new EPR
·        NHS Digital, NHS England and Information Governance Alliance GDPR programme representatives will lead a session on how organisations can get ready for GDPR/opt-out
Places are limited so register now to avoid disappointment. Lunch will be provided. 

See latest agendas for November's Health Insights here
Twitter: @himss_uk | #healthinsights

My source: 
Nimisha Mehta
Head of Communications and Marketing, HIMSS UK
Dawes Road Hub | 20 Dawes Road | Fulham | London | SW6 7EN | www.himss-uk.org

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Tuesday, October 03, 2017

How can the sustainable development goals improve global health? Call for papers (c/o C Dye)

Christopher Dye a & Shambhu Acharya b

a. Department of Strategy, Policy & Information, World Health Organization, World Health Organization, avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.
b. Department of Country Cooperation and Collaboration with the UN System, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Correspondence to Christopher Dye (email: dyec AT who.int)
Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2017;95:666-666A. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.202358
Good health underpins almost everything that people want – to be free of illness, to escape poverty and hunger, to work to secure independence, to gain fulfilment through education and learning, to be treated fairly and without discrimination, and to live in a safe environment. Good health is a precondition for, an outcome and measure of, sustainable development.1 The United Nations 2030 agenda for sustainable development embraces these aspirations.2 The sustainable development goals (SDGs)3 are the objectives of a programme that aims to be a comprehensive blueprint for human development. 
In pursuing that aim, the 2030 agenda makes a different proposition from its predecessor, the United Nations Millennium Project (2000–15)4. The Millennium Project targeted major causes of illness and death in low-income countries and the millennium development goals (MDGs) focused on child and maternal mortality and major communicable diseases.5 In contrast, the sustainable development agenda recognizes that opportunities to improve health can be found not only in specific health interventions (principally in SDG 3), but also through social justice (SDGs 4, 5, 10, 16–17),6 environmental protection (SDGs 2, 6, 7, 11–15),6 and shared prosperity (SDGs 1, 8, 9).6 These three pillars of sustainable development are seen as integrated and indivisible. The 2030 agenda is not merely another proposal for mitigating causes of death; it is a vision for a better way of life. More explicitly than before, health is seen as a “state of complete physical, mental and social well-being.”7 
The 2030 agenda recognizes that the many drivers of good health are interdependent; that they are part of a system that crosses the conceptual boundaries between professional disciplines and the administrative limits of government departments. Thus, the provision of health services and financial protection, the two essential ingredients of universal health coverage,8 stimulates innovation and contributes to employment and economic growth. Good health can alleviate poverty by improving people’s capacity to learn and work. By encouraging action across different segments of society the SDGs should stimulate the discovery of ways to confront today’s major challenges to health, including ageing and disabilities, non-communicable diseases, antimicrobial resistance, epidemics and health security, climate change, environmental degradation and pollution, sustainable financing, health inequities, migration, urbanization and rural poverty. 
The 2030 agenda is not a finished roadmap for development; rather, it is a set of propositions that must be field-tested. Some ideas about how to improve health by modifying social, economic and environmental determinants will succeed; others will fail. In the spirit of critical evaluation, a theme issue of the Bulletin will examine whether and how the SDGs can serve not just as a checklist of familiar public health aims, but also as a stimulus to discover new and practical ways of accelerating gains in health. 
We welcome papers on a diversity of topics related to health in sustainable development.9 Studies on intersectoral action by multiple stakeholders, including multidisciplinary research, Health in All Policies, One Health (at the interface between human and animal populations and the environment), integrated vector control and the role of civil society are of interest. Health systems strengthening for universal health coverage, including evaluations of people-centred10 health systems and ways in which major communicable disease control programmes are contributing to health systems development are within scope. Also welcomed for this issue is work on equity, ethics, fairness and human rights as core values.11 Linked to universal coverage, we encourage submissions on sustainable financing for health, considering new sources of funding, especially domestic finance in low- and middle-income countries, including through increased taxes on tobacco, alcohol and sugary drinks, but also co-financing of health with other sectors eg. agriculture, energy, transport, education, environment and/or industry. We would like to receive studies that evaluate the contribution made to other SDG targets by progress on four means of implementation for SDG 3 – the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), vaccines and immunization, access to medicines, health financing and preparedness for global health crises. 
Scientific research and innovation are an integral part of sustainable development. We therefore encourage descriptions of research priorities and trends, research and development, operational and implementation research, monitoring and evaluation in all aspects of health, and new methods and technologies to manage large volumes of data. Of particular interest are disaggregated data sets that make it possible to ascertain the needs of all individuals regardless of their race, religion, ethnicity, or geographical location. 
The deadline for submissions is 1 February 2018. Manuscripts should be submitted in accordance with the Bulletin’s Guidelines for contributors (http://submit.bwho.org), and the cover letter should mention this call for papers.


My contact: C Dye.

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