Hodges' Model: Welcome to the QUAD: 2021

- learn about the conceptual framework Hodges' model. A tool that can help integrate HEALTH and SOCIAL CARE, INFORMATICS and EDUCATION. The model is situated, facilitates person-centredness, integrated - holistic care and reflective practice. A new site using Drupal is an ongoing aim - the creation of a reflective workbench. Email: h2cmng @ yahoo.co.uk Welcome

Monday, April 12, 2021

DrupalCon Summits: Higher Education & Healthcare

DrupalCon Attendee
DrupalCon North America 2021 started today and the programme includes  several summit events; two of particular interest next week:

Higher Education Summit

Using Drupal at a college or university? Attend this summit to connect with other Higher Education Drupal users, typically web developers, managers, communicators, graphic designers,  editors and the like. 

Learn from peer Drupal users and experts, working in a variety of contexts in the higher education sector, about the ever-changing Drupal and web landscape, including new trends and current best practices. 

Expect small group discussions, lightning talks, a keynote, and other formats allowing you to engage with your peers. 

The DrupalCon Higher Education Summit is informal, and focuses on best practices, case studies, and discussing solutions to the unique situations inherent to higher education.

Who should attend?

The DrupalCon Higher Education Summit is open to all higher education staff, volunteers, and service providers who are using, or considering using, Drupal as part of their technology stack. This summit is not intended for vendors to pitch new business. 



Healthcare Summit

The healthcare space is now, more than ever, a critical area for all development communities. Digital communication and technologies offer the promise of improved access for patients, but building good solutions requires a solid foundation in accessibility, security and compliance.

Whether you are at a pharma working towards the next vaccine or therapy, a hospital network treating patients with AND without COVID, an insurance company making sure all patients have access to critical healthcare during this tough time, there is much for you to gain from this summit.

Join us for a day of facilitated peer-to-peer problem solving combined with industry leaders sharing their experience solving common challenges like building a digital roadmap for a healthcare system, vaccine distribution platforms, and building user-centered patient experiences.

Who should attend? 

Anyone interested in hearing how companies and the community are creating rich Digital Experiences in the Healthcare space and all levels of colleagues in the Pharma, Medical, Clinical, Hospital, Payers, Caregivers and Healthcare Professional space.


Saturday, April 10, 2021

An atmospheric inversion

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

.. a t m o s p h e r e ..
methane and carbon dioxide
at record levels

We need to take care

 .. a t m o s p h e r e ..
nitrous oxide

You need to take care


World Week in Review, Methane and carbon dioxide in atmosphere rise to record levels, FT Weekend, 10-11 April, 2021, p.4.

Friday, April 09, 2021

Pioneering safe staffing whistleblower nurse dies aged 91: c/o RCNi

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic
Graham Pink at his home in Manchester in January 2008
Picture: Neil O'Connor
courage : compassion : values : commitment : leadership

"A nurse who was among the first in the UK to blow the whistle on safe staffing issues has died aged 91.

Graham Pink first raised concerns about poor staffing and the dangers to patients when he worked at Stepping Hill Hospital in Greater Manchester in 1990. His four-year campaign to highlight inadequate staffing levels made a lasting impression on the nursing profession. Mr Pink died on 6 March in Barnsley, South Yorkshire.

Nurses caring for him remembered his safe staffing campaign

Speaking to Nursing Standard about his final months, his niece and carer Sarah Pink said: ‘Barnsley Hospital gave him a lot of care and attention and treated him with a huge amount of respect. There were nurses caring for him who said they knew him from what he did and how he stood up for the NHS back then. One sister said it was an honour to meet him and take care of him.’"

HRH The Duke of Edinburgh RIP


My source: RCNi via twitter: 


Thursday, April 08, 2021

"Public Domain" - The Vaudeville Theatre

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

Public Domain is a dark, funny, verbatim musical about the internet: Those who own it; those who live in it; and YOU!

Following an acclaimed digital debut at Southwark Playhouse this thrilling, new British musical, composed entirely from the real-life words of YouTube vloggers, Instagram influencers, Facebook’s tech giants, and everyday internet users now has its live world premiere in the West End.

Written and performed by the hugely talented Francesca Forristal (Oddball) and Jordan Paul Clarke (Showstopper! The Improvised Musical), this blackly comic musical follows two teenage influencers; Millie (sporty spice, health guru, buddha bowls – millennial) and Z (GCSEs existential dread, swag – generation Z), as well as featuring exclusive ‘footage’ of inside Mark Zuckerberg and wife Priscilla Chan’s family home…

You’re gonna get their honest, true selves… with some serious bass, obvs. Authentic, right?

Remember, it’s like ‘Black Mirror’ but real and set to music.

The Vaudeville Theatre operates strictly under the government COVID-19 guidelines. For further information check our COVID-19 secure information page. All bookings in a party must only be from the same household or the legally defined support bubble.

Tuesday, April 06, 2021

Just because they have 'eco' in common ...

... don't assume you can monitise*

 the world's ecosystems 

by their roots and branches ... 


humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic



*despite the ongoing 'project' ...?

Sunday, April 04, 2021

The Times: Education Commission

"An education commission is being set up by The Times that could lead to radical change across schools and universities.

It brings together experts including senior MPs, head teachers, academics, vice-chancellors and a children’s author who will work on the year-long project that is expected to inform government policy. They say school closures during the pandemic and the resulting surge in online learning have provided the perfect opportunity for an overhaul of the system to be considered."

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

Lifelong Learning
(Attitude (cognitive access))
Knowledge & Skills
(Purpose of education)
Critical thinking, Problem Solving, Reflection

New Technology
(Anticipating AI & Robotic Process Automation)
Lifelong Learning
(Physical access, Technology Enhanced Learning)

Lifelong Learning
Social mobility (Social access)
Social skills
How many forms of 'literacy'?
Team work / Collaboration
Challenge social gender stereotypes

Lifelong Learning (Policy, Economic access)
Government policy - Work creation
University entrants - nos.
Curriculum 21st Century
Still the 'Two Cultures'?

My source:

Woolcock, N. (2021) Push to give children a better start, The Times, March 24, p.4; The pandemic has exposed weaknesses in education, leading article, p. 27.


Friday, April 02, 2021

ERCIM News No. 25 Special theme: "Brain-inspired Computing"

Dear ERCIM News reader,

ERCIM News No. 125 has just been published at https://ercim-news.ercim.eu/

The Special Theme of this issue highlights ongoing brain-inspired computing research with contributions from some of the leading academic and industrial research laboratories in Europe, coordinated by our guest editors Robert Haas (IBM Research Europe) and Michael Pfeiffer (Bosch Center for Artificial Intelligence).

Thank you for your interest in ERCIM News. Feel free to forward this message to anyone who might be interested.

Next issue:
No. 126,  July 2021
Special Theme: "Privacy-preserving computation"

Announcements in this issue:

Call for Proposals: Dagstuhl Seminars and Perspectives Workshops
Schloss Dagstuhl – Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik is accepting proposals for scientific seminars/workshops in all areas of computer science, in particular also in connection with other fields. https://www.dagstuhl.de/dsproposal

ERCIM "Alain Bensoussan" Fellowship Programme - postdoctoral fellowships available at leading European research institutions.
Simple application procedure. Next application deadline: 30 April 2021

is published quarterly by ERCIM, the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics.
With the printed and online edition, ERCIM News reaches more than 10000 readers.

ERCIM - the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics - aims to foster collaborative work within the European research community and to increase co-operation with European industry. Leading European research institutes are members of ERCIM. ERCIM is the European host of W3C.
ERCIM LinkedIn Group
Peter Kunz*                  	
ERCIM Office
2004, Route des Lucioles
F-06902 Sophia Antipolis Cedex 
*With many thanks.
Higher Cognitive Functions in Bio-Inspired Artificial Intelligence 
by Frédéric Alexandre, Xavier Hinaut, Nicolas Rougier and Thierry Viéville (Inria) 
"From a modelling point of view, this organisation of architecturally similar loops is very interesting because it implies that similar computing principles (implemented in the circuitry of cortico-basal loops) are exploited on different kinds of information to implement different kinds of behaviour (reflexive and reflective)." p.20.

Thursday, April 01, 2021

8th Biennial Conference, 2021: Threshold Concepts in the Moment

Dear Colleagues,

I hope you're all well in these on-going strange times. You may have seen this elsewhere so apologies for duplication.

I'm very pleased to announce that we have now re-opened the submissions for the Bi(tri)ennial Threshold Concepts conference originally scheduled for July 2020 at UCL, and now running online between 7-9 July 2021. If you didn't get a chance to submit originally, now is your chance...

The submission window closes on April 12th at 6pm (UK time).

Some other details:

  • We will very shortly be opening up registration for everyone and I will post further details about that (hopefully in a few days). The full fee will be £30, with a lower-/un-/precariously waged option of £10.

  • You will need to create an EasyChair account to submit.

  • We intend to run a single-session continuous conference with plenty of breaks (as long as we can arrange the schedule according to people's timezones!).

  • It will take place between 7th and 9th July (UK time) but the precise timing will be determined by the final submissions.

  • We will make every endeavour to have people present during their normal working hours.

The blog for the conference has more information and the call for papers is both there and on EasyChair.

Have a lovely weekend, when it gets here

Jason Davies (on behalf of the steering group)

Wednesday, March 31, 2021

'Clean tools' - fit for Conceptual Engineering?

Posting previously news of a conference on 'Conceptual Engineering' I was drawn and try to follow the following series:

Conceptual Engineering Seminar | Simon Blackburn (Cambridge): TBA 

March 30 @ 3:00 pm - 5:00 pm 

ABSTRACT. — When I hit upon the term ‘conceptual engineering’ in the Introduction to my book Think, I suppose I thought of it as simply a cute way of introducing what philosophers do. I had no idea that the term had already been used, although I have subsequently learned that it was. I have therefore been surprised that books and seminars have subsequently been devoted to the idea: it is as if books and seminars were simply entitled ‘Philosophy’ rather than directed at particular problems within philosophy. In my talk I hope to go further into that and try to understand why it happened. 

Yesterday, Simon Blackburn cited Austin (1956) and the need for 'clean tools', which led me to the following source*:

"First, words are our tools, and, as a minimum, we should use clean tools: we should know what we mean and what we do not, and we must forearm ourselves against the traps that language sets us. Secondly, words are not (except in their own little corner*) facts or things: we need therefore to prise them off the world, to hold them apart from and against it, so that we can realise their inadequacies and arbitrarinesses, and can re-look at the world without blinkers. Thirdly, and more hopefully, our common stock of words embodies all the distinctions men have found worth drawing, and the connexions they have found worth marking, in the lifetimes of many generations: these surely are likely to be more numerous, more sound, since they have stood up to the long test of the survival of the fittest, and more subtle, at least in all ordinary and reasonably practical matters, than any that you or I are likely to think up in our armchairs of an afternoon - the most favoured alternative method."

*my emphasis

Simon's talk of 'clean tools' prompted me to reflect:

The assumed neutrality of Hodges' model. As noted on W2tQ previously, Hodges' model is an invitation to start with a new slate. To leave behind bias and prejudice, to assure unconditional positive regard and a non-judgmental approach and attitude.

'Engineering' is usually conducted within a dedicated physical space. Apprentices will soon be familiar with the discipline of leaving the work environment clean and prepared for the next day. They will learn that tools have their place (even on the screen). Tools themselves also need care; so don't be care-less.

If Occam's razor is a preparatory rule for conceptual hygiene, perhaps we can take this further, or at least propose an addition? There is a 'rule of forceps' (which, it might be argued, is person-centred, or clearly patient-centred?) but not only are forceps a tool, we can utilise a divider too.

In use, Hodges' model suggests and facilitates dichotomous thinking. The forceps may help grasp the the key parts - the polarities of a situation. The divider may serve to help us to weigh and measure the 'distance' of two concepts, especially if they seem to be grounded across two of the model's care (knowledge) domains.

So Hodges' model may have a role in 'conceptual engineering', variously as a dialectic divider or dialectical forceps?

Austin, J. (1956). A Plea for Excuses: The Presidential Address. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 57, new series, 1-30. Retrieved March 30, 2021, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4544570Austin, J. (1956). A Plea for Excuses: The Presidential Address. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 57, new series, 1-30. Retrieved March 30, 2021, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4544570

There is a legal case of historic interest also described in the Austin's paper.

Tuesday, March 30, 2021

A window on social history ...

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

Ask a child to draw a house ..?

A row of coal miners' houses with no windows to the street,
Halifax, 1937 by Bill Brandt





*and its quality

Thursday, March 25, 2021

Anticipatory Prescribing as part of Anticipatory Care

This post is derived from a selection of the main concepts found within three papers (references listed below) on 'anticipatory prescribing'. Some explanation may assist. I have duplicated 1. What is current practice? across the domains to suggest that the question needs to be answered for each of the care (knowledge) domains. The same principle applies to the repetition of the attitudinal questions at the individual and group (sociological) level. Person-centredness demands that the patient's views are paramount plus the aggregated responses of the group as a whole.

Perhaps there is a 'drug TIME' too, which operates across all the domains once more, and each variously weighted objectively and subjectively? The concept of control and assessment of control is also critical.

I've placed GP decision-making across both 'individual' domains described as it is as a 'process' and for the patient as 'bedside manner', as also reflected in the GP and healthcare professional's communication with the family.

Clinical effectiveness and observations are likewise span the interpersonal and sciences domains. This is to denote the need to achieve and sustain parity of esteem and integrate physical and mental health care - pastoral and spiritual also.

'Cost' is anchored in the political domain, but clearly there are much wider economic ramifications, both in quality of life, quality of death and the way 'cost' is determined, measured, analysed, evaluated and reported.

For me nursing, medicine, healthcare are most effective when they are anticipatory. Observation, reflection and critical thinking are key. In a way for an individual to be health literate is a preparation for self-care. Although clearly in a general sense of health and well-being; not necessarily being literate with respect to a long-term medical condition.

Hodges' model is an idealisation and the detail is obviously described in the papers listed. The intention below is for readers to gain an appreciation of anticipatory prescribing and the application and scope of Hodges' model.

 Taking a larger perspective anticipatory prescribing is part of anticipatory care.

@GeriSoc https://twitter.com/GeriSoc/status/1374716732120645632?s=20

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

Anticipatory Prescribing

Reassurance for patient, family &  friends
clinical effectiveness
subjective TIME
agitation, distress (mood, anxiety, orientation, communication, identity - self, fear, understanding, mental capacity...)

The patient's spiritual well-being needs are met*.

1. What is current practice?

2. What are the attitudes of patients?
3. What are the attitudes of family carers?
4. What are the attitudes of community healthcare professionals?
[as individuals]

GPs’ discussion with patients

(Advanced care planning - choices)

5. What is its impact on patient comfort and symptom control?

Anticipatory Prescribing

Physical access to medication and treatment is assured.
clinical effectiveness
objective TIME
remote anticipatory prescribing increased 24 hours availability

The intervention seeks to improve [my] symptom control

pain, nausea and vomiting, agitation, and respiratory secretions.

The Covid-19 pandemic has accelerated the practice of Anticipatory Prescribing; more terminally ill patients are having end-of-life care at home and in care homes.

1. What is current practice?

New routes of administration

injection, oral, sublingual, or rectal

5. What is its impact on patient comfort and symptom control?
GPs’ decision-making processes
Systematic review and narrative synthesis
Semi-structured interviews
Web-based survey
An important intervention in supporting patients and families who wish to have last days of life care at home.

1. What is current practice?

2. What are the attitudes of patients?
3. What are the attitudes of family carers?
4. What are the attitudes of community healthcare professionals?

5. What is its impact on patient comfort and symptom control?
Patient and families’ well-being throughout the end-of-life journey

*There is concord and respect regards patient's spiritual well-being needs.

GPs’ discussion with family

family caregiver administration

The Independent Review of the Liverpool Care Pathway found that the use of Anticipatory Prescribing without adequate explanation or justification led to families being concerned about over-sedation and the medication hastening death.

1. What is current practice?

5. What is its impact on patient comfort and symptom control?

6. Is it cost-effective?

Revise pharmaceutical regulations to permit repurposing of anticipatory prescribing medications in care homes, wider community drug access, and recycling unused medications returned to pharmacies.
Address stock shortages.

Bowers B, Ryan R, Kuhn I, Barclay S (2019) Anticipatory prescribing of injectable medications for adults at the end of life in the community: A systematic literature review and narrative synthesis. Palliative Medicine 33(2): 160-177 https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216318815796

Antunes B, Bowers B, Winterburn I, Kelly MP, Brodrick R, Pollock K, Majumder M, Spathis A, Lawrie I, George R, Ryan R, Barclay S. (2020) Anticipatory prescribing in community end-of-life care in the UK and Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemic: online survey. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care; http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2020-002394

Bowers B, Barclay SS, Pollock K, Barclay S (2020) General Practitioners’ decisions about prescribing end-of-life anticipatory medications: a qualitative study. British Journal of General Practice; 70(699) e731-739 https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp20X712625 


Wednesday, March 24, 2021

Hodges' model: Not just rectilinear, but bubbles too ...

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

"To the holistic absorption by the One – upon which the success of so many religions and philosophies was premised for centuries – Sloterdijk opposes the proposition of a dyadic theory of intimacy. This is a distinction between an acute appearance of unity, experienced from a cosmic position of being fully contained inside a whole, and an ontological insistence that this position is itself contingent on a constitutive relationality. It is not possible to attain an overview, an outside bird’s-eye view of spheres (Neither Sun Nor Death, p263). By contrast, ... 

"Sloterdijk’s anthropological theory of shared, auto-poetic space, carries ontogenetic force. This is, by example, expressed in the discussion of the relationship between birth and thought, or between the birth of a child and that of a world.35 Sloterdijk dedicates the bulk of Bubbles to birth, providing a detailed discussion of intrauterine dwelling, including the sensory presence of liquids, soft bodies, the early experience of spatial boundaries, fluidal communion in the medium of blood, the constitution of an intimate acoustic bipolar sphere and, above all, cohabitation with the placenta, conceived as primal, anonymous companion. Intrauterine space is approached as the most vivid illustration of the spherological principle according to which coexistence precedes essence. At once enclosed and porous, poetic and connected, intrauterine space is the production of a dense and connected ‘two’: ‘What we call ‘mother and child’ in the abbreviated terms of subject-object language are, in their mode of being, only ever poles of a dynamic in-between’ (Bubbles, p320)." p.47.

By contrast, ... the relational ontology of spheres aims to rehabilitate the relation at the expense of the essential, and the situation at the expense of components (p151). Against any form of substantialism, a relational ontology emphasises the centrality of being-with [Mitsein] in relationships of mother and child, mesmerist and subject, therapist and patient, foetus and placenta, and so forth." p.47.



My source:

Duclos, V. (2019) Falling into Things: 
Peter Sloterdijk, Ontological Anthropology in the Monstrous. 
New Formations, 95, Spaces and Stories, pp. 37-53.

Tuesday, March 23, 2021

TEDxNHS #1 – Why teaching a man how to fish won’t solve food poverty

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic


 “social murder ...

... meeting too early a death."

My source:


Friday, March 19, 2021

Healthcare Systems & Services: Yes, attend to the battlements ...

 Yes, attend to the battlements, but 

don't neglect your 'Towers of Observation'?

Illustration by Luca D'Urbino: https://www.durbodesign.com/
humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

"More than 27,000 tests have been carried out, with 459 positive results and eight deaths." p.20.

"A report last year estimated that there were some 100,000 vacancies across the health service." p.21.

My source:

Britain. The NHS and covid19. Is it ready? Britain’s NHS is well suited to dealing with crises. But it is overstretched and faces an enormous task. The politics of pandemics, The Economist. Mar 14th 2020, pp.20-21. https://www.economist.com/weeklyedition/2020-03-14

Illustration by Luca D'Urbino: https://www.durbodesign.com/

Thursday, March 18, 2021

Universal Health Coverage: Every Day - All Year - All Weathers [ #COP26 ]

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

Related posts on W2tQ:

Global Health

Universal Health Coverage

My source:

Wednesday, March 17, 2021

Does “#AI” stand for Augmenting Inequality in the era of Covid-19 healthcare? c/o BMJ

Fig 1 Cascading effects of health inequality and discrimination manifest in the design and use of artificial intelligence (AI) systems [BMJ]

Original graphic surgically re-rendered as per the knowledge (care) domains of Hodges' model:

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

My source:

Monday, March 15, 2021

HowTheLightGetsIn - ToTheIntra-InterpersonalDomain*

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic


* ... or gets out?

Sunday, March 14, 2021

Paper: Models of care for patients with hypertension and diabetes in humanitarian crises: a systematic review

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

"Implementing NCD care in humanitarian crises requires the development of a context-adapted approach or ‘model of care’. A model of care may be characterized as a conceptual and pragmatic framework that describes how services are delivered within a health system (Davidson et al., 2006; Agency for Clinical Innovation, 2013)."

Models of care

"We found that there was no single unifying model of care for HTN/DM care in humanitarian crises, and the variance in care models included in this review was highly dependent on context. In order to descriptively synthesize the diverse models presented in the included studies, we created a typology based on the type of crisis, region and integration with the health system, since these factors likely influenced model design"
patient’s expectations

hypertension and diabetes (HTN/DM)

Crisis type and Region
Natural: Hurricane, Flood, Earthquake

Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan,  China, Pakistan,  India, Philippines, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Nepal

Camp, Non-Camp; Rural, Urban

Location of services - Location of people in need, transport, travel time, distance

Refugee population - Local population

forced displacement, disruption of treatment and support, interrupted health services, movement and attrition of health care workers (HCWs), insecurity, destruction of infrastructure,  breakdown in supply chains and data processes

"The domains of access — availability, affordability, accessibility, accommodation, and acceptability — were derived from previously described measures of coverage (Penchansky and Thomas, 1981; Hernández-Quevedo and Papnicolas, 2013; Levesque et al., 2013)."

Refugees and Host Communities

Humanitarian crises

"Responsiveness has been defined as the ability of health services meet a patient’s holistic needs; in this framework, it also encompassed a model of care’s ability to respond to changing patient needs in a volatile context (.Hernández-Quevedo and Papnicolas, 2013; Kruk et al., 2018). Integration described the linkage between different levels and sites of care, such as facility-based care and community-based support as well as coordination between providers and institutions, while continuity of care referred to uninterrupted care throughout the patient’s disease and life course."

Formal health system and community-based formal or informal systems

Non-governmental organisations

Crisis type and Region
Political: Conflict, Disaster

Affordability, income, worth of service


Person :: Service


"Availability was defined as the volume and type of existing services and whether this was adequate for the volume and needs of service users. Affordability constituted the patient’s capacity to use financial resources to obtain care balanced against their income and the perceived worth of the service. Accessibility addressed the match between the location of services vs the location of people in need, including transport, travel time, distance, and cost. The accommodation was defined as the organization of service delivery, such as opening times and ability of service users to accommodate to this. Acceptability was considered as the relationship between the services and the patient’s expectations of appropriate care."
(My emphasis)

NCD  - Non-communicable disease

My source: HIFA list

CITATION: Models of care for patients with hypertension and diabetes in humanitarian crises: a systematic review, Michael S Jaung, Ruth Willis, Piyu Sharma, Sigiriya Aebischer Perone, Signe Frederiksen, Claudia Truppa, Bayard Roberts, Pablo Perel, Karl Blanchet, Éimhín Ansbro
Health Policy and Planning, https://doi.org/10.1093/heapol/czab007

Saturday, March 13, 2021

9th World Congress of Clinical Safety (9WCCS)

The 9th World Congress of Clinical Safety (9WCCS)

(Theme) Clinical Safety Promotion and Risk/Crisis Management of COVID19

Greenwich Mean Time 9:00 Sep 1 (Wed) -18:00 Sep 14 (Thu), 2021

WEB Conference (On-Demand)

Official language: English
No translation to other languages
Can access all presentations during 14 days repeatedly.

Congress homepage

"Abstract submission"    till 1 June 2021

"Congress registration"
    (Presenter) from 10 June 2021 to 25 July 2021
    (Audience) from 10 June 2021 to 20 August 2021

Registration fee: http://www.iarmm.org/9WCCS/registration_fees.pdf

Abstract Topics (You may submit abstracts under the following topics)

Patient safety promotion / Medication safety / Medical Engineering safety / Nursing safety /
Quality analysis of patient safety / Quantity analysis of patient safety / Human factors /
Preoperative risk management and Checklists / Improvement of IT technology for clinical safety / IT & Clinical information safety / Big data analysis for clinical safety / AI for clinical safety / IoT for clinical safety / Risk and safety in medical device and alarms / Transparency and visualization of clinical risk in healthcare / Risk and safety in medical device and alarms / International perspectives for clinical safety / Patient and family centered care / Leading effective change / Improving population and community health / Simulation and human factor for clinical safety / The impact of education, training and simulation on patient safety / Education and coaching for clinical safety / Improving Healthcare - Lessons from other industries / Patient participation in clinical safety / Voice of patient /Writing for publication - how to publish quality improvement reports and research / Safety culture in healthcare and group medicine / risk or crisis management of SARS-CoV-2 and Covid-19 / Safety Data Sheet (SDs) for disaster / Environmental safety / Others 


My source: 9WCCS

Friday, March 12, 2021

14-20 March - Patient Safety Awareness Week

Next week 14-20 March is Patient Safety Awareness Week. 

Further information here:


​​​​​​​​​​​​About the Initiative

Patient Safety Awareness Week is an annual recognition event intended to encourage everyone to learn more about health care safety. During this week, IHI seeks to advance important discussions locally and globally, and inspire action to improve the safety of the health care system — for patients and the workforce.

Patient Safety Awareness Week serves as a dedicated time and platform for growing awareness about patient safety and recognizing the work already being done...
[See link above for events - webinars.. PJ]

My source:
Neil Pakenham-Walsh, HIFA Coordinator, neil AT hifa.org www.hifa.org

HIFA: Healthcare Information For All: www.hifa.org

Thursday, March 11, 2021

PhD position on "Analyzing the Interactions Between Spaces of Argumentation in Different Contexts"

We are seeking applicants for a PhD position on «Analyzing the Interactions Between Spaces of Argumentation in Different Contexts» at LAMSADE (University Paris-Dauphine).

The Covid19 crisis shows us that arguments can circulate between different social worlds, as they have done between scientific and academic worlds, media, and social media, in different directions. However, the way people discuss in these different environments is very different and rely on different standards to recognize proofs.

How can different groups advance in a debate when sharing information, evidence on a complex issue, refer to different notions of arguments and proof standards?

For example, in recent months we could observe some ideal-typic description of the shape of the argumentation:

  1. in the mediatic world: repeat, follow, approve/disprove, exaggerate, attack ad hominem;
  2. in the scientific world: decide paradigm, decide hypothesis, test, revise, purify, consolidate, invalidate, give examples, give counter-example.

The literature on argumentation theory has elaborated several defeasible argumentation schemes, which are abstract argument forms that do not necessarily fall into the classical deductive or inductive argument structures, and that capture also what traditionally is classified as a fallacy.

For a detailed description see:


*Required Profile*

- Master degree in Computer Science (or equivalent) with good GPA
- Knowledge in Computer Science, Mathematics, Economics and Logic
- Minimal programming skills
- Strong interest for multidisciplinary research
- Autonomy and ability to work in a team
- Good writing skills in English

*Application procedure and deadline*

Interested candidates should send the following PDF documents to Juliette Rouchier (juliette.rouchier AT dauphine.fr) and Gabriella Pigozzi (gabriella.pigozzi AT dauphine.fr) before 11 April 2021:

- CV
- Scan of transcripts of marks with their ranking
- A letter of motivation
- One letter or recommendation

A first selection will be performed amongst eligible applications, and selected candidates will be interviewed.

PS: Please forward this email to potential candidates.

My source: 

Philos-L "The Liverpool List" is run by the Department of Philosophy, University of Liverpool https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/philosophy/philos-l/

Wednesday, March 10, 2021

Count Down: What on Earth are We Doing?

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic


See also:


My source:

Capurro, D. 2021, Falling sperm counts 'as big a threat to humans as climate change', The Daily Telegraph, 27 February, p.15.

Tuesday, March 09, 2021

Hodges' model: What is the Question? (ii)

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic
What is the basis for meta-cognitive and meta-conceptual claims for Hodges' model?

Does Hodges' model have a role in secondary education and if so, what is it?

If Hodges' model facilitates reflection and is reflexive how is this achieved and demonstrated?

Is Hodges' model a meta-semantic framework and if so, is this what provides genericity?

What is the foundation of the axes in Hodges' model and what characteristics can be described?
Is Hodges' model safe? "Cold, Warm, Hot, Hotter!" nearer to 'navel gazing' than 'reflective practice'?

Are 'concepts' sufficient to explain the structure of Hodges' model, and account for its claimed role(s) in assessment, planning, evaluation and assurance?

Is Hodges' model a constant: as the contemporary model?

Are 'individual', 'group', 'humanistic', and 'mechanistic' sufficient as conceptual anchors
; and if so are they sufficient to give rise to the two continua that then invoke four knowledge (care) domains?
Can Hodges' model simultaneously preserve, protect and assure 'patiency' whilst also facilitating self-care?

What forms of literacy are encountered by users of Hodges' model and are they accessible to the public, patients and carers?

Hodges' model: Show me the praxis.

What does Hodges' model say about holism (and consequently reductivism) and why should anyone listen?

Is there such a thing as a generic 'model of care' in a multidisciplinary world?

Is there a 'logic' to the seemingly diametric opposition of 'power' as exercised here and the two individual domains in Hodges' model?

If claims for Hodges' model of universality, genericity and global scope are 'true' is this also a risk for healthcare professions and specialisation, as it supports the 'universal worker' and automated processes?


Monday, March 08, 2021

International Women's Day 2021#ChooseToChallenge

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic


Bulgaria 1957 Women’s Day

Algeria 2004 International Women's Day


Images: https://www.stampsoftheworld.co.uk/wiki/Category:International_Women%27s_Day

Sunday, March 07, 2021

WHO: 1 in 4 people projected to have hearing problems by 2050

"When unaddressed, hearing loss impacts many aspects of life at individual level"

 and collective too.

humanistic ----------------------------------------------- mechanistic

"Communication and speech


Education and Employment: In developing countries, children with hearing loss and deafness often do not receive schooling. Adults with hearing loss also have a much higher unemployment rate. Among those who are employed, a higher percentage of people with hearing loss are in the lower grades of employment compared with the general workforce."

"Nearly 2.5 billion people worldwide ─ or 1 in 4 people ─ will be living with some degree of hearing loss by 2050, warns the World Health Organization’s (WHO) first World Report on Hearing, released today. At least 700 million of these people will require access to ear and hearing care and other rehabilitation services unless action is taken."

"But the most glaring gap in health system capacity is in human resources. Among low-income countries, about 78% have fewer than one ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist per million population; 93% have fewer than one audiologist per million; only 17% have one or more speech therapist per million; and 50% have one or more teacher for the deaf per million. This gap can be closed through integration of ear and hearing care into primary health care through strategies such as task sharing and training, outlined in the report."

"Impact on society and economy

Years Lived with Disability (YDLs) and Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs)

WHO estimates that unaddressed hearing loss poses an annual global cost of US$ 980 billion. This includes health sector costs (excluding the cost of hearing devices), costs of educational support, loss of productivity, and societal costs. 57% of these costs are attributed to low- and middle-income countries."





Dear colleagues,

We have recently published an article that presents some insights from Canada 

(full-text available from ResearchGate https://www.researchgate.net/publication/343400636_Here's_to_sound_action_on_global_hearing_health_through_public_health_approaches )

Shroff, F.M. and Jung, D. (2020), "Here's to sound action on global hearing health through public health approaches", International Journal of Health Governance, Vol. 25 No. 3, pp. 235-244. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJHG-01-2020-0004 

Abstract Purpose – A global pandemic, non-occupational noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a completely preventable public health problem, which receives limited air time. This study has dual purposes: to contribute to scholarly literature that puts non-occupational NIHL on the global priority map and to effect change in the City of Vancouver’s policies toward noise. 

Design/methodology/approach – Experts in public health and hearing health were contacted in addition to a scoping literature search on PubMed. Information pertaining to both developed and developing countries was obtained, and comparison was made to Canada where possible. The authors met with elected officials at the City of Vancouver to inform them of the win–win aspects of policies that promoted better hearing.

Findings – Non-occupational NIHL is an underappreciated issue in Canada and many other countries, as seen by the lack of epidemiological data and public health initiatives. Other countries, such as Australia, have more robust research and public health programs, but most of the world lags behind. Better hearing health is possible through targeted campaigns addressing root causes of non-occupational, recreational noise–positive associations with loud noise. By redefining social norms so that soft to moderate sounds are associated with positive values and loud sounds are negatively attributed, the societies will prevent leisure NIHL. The authors recommend widespread national all-age campaigns that benefit from successful public health campaigns of the past, such as smoking cessation, safety belts and others. Soft Sounds are Healthy (SSH) is a suggested name for a campaign that would take many years, ample resources and sophisticated understanding of behavior change to be effective.

Research limitations/implications – A gap exists in the collection of non-occupational NIHL data. Creating indicators and regularly collecting data is a high priority for most nations. Beyond data collection, prevention of non-occupational NIHL ought to be a high priority. Studies in each region would propel understanding, partly to discern the cultural factors that would predispose the general population to change favorable attitudes toward loud sounds to associations of moderate sounds with positivity. Evaluations of these campaigns would then follow.

Practical implications – Everyday life for many people around the world, particularly in cities, is loud. Traffic, construction, loudspeakers, music and other loud sounds abound. Many people have adapted to these loud soundscapes, and others suffer from the lack of peace and quiet. Changing cultural attitudes toward loud sound will improve human and animal health, lessen the burden on healthcare systems and positively impact the economy. Social implications–Industries that create loud technologies and machinery ought to be required to find ways to soften noise. Regulatory mechanisms that are enforced by law and fines ought to be in place. When governments take up the banner of hearing health, they will help to set a new tone toward loud sounds as undesirable, and this will partially address the root causes of the problem of non-occupational NIHL.


Irina Ibragimova, PhD

Co-editor, International Journal of Health Governance

HIFA profile: Irina Ibraghimova is a medical librarian, based in Croatia, and works with health care professionals in the countries of the Former Soviet Union, Central and Eastern Europe, and Africa. Her interests include evidence-based practice (both in health care and in library/informatics field). She is a HIFA Country Representative for Croatia. https://www.hifa.org/support/members/irina www.lrcnetwork.org www.healthconnect-intl.org ibra AT zadar.net


HIFA https://www.hifa.org/

(Posted a little late...)