- learn about the conceptual framework Hodges' model. A tool that can help integrate HEALTH and SOCIAL CARE, INFORMATICS and EDUCATION. The model is situated, facilitates person-centredness, integrated - holistic care and reflective practice. A new site using Drupal is an ongoing aim - the creation of a reflective workbench. Email: h2cmng @ yahoo.co.uk Welcome

Tuesday, June 13, 2017

Boxing 'II'

As young children we may encounter 'boxing' quite early on. This first experience, which we may or may not wholly remember is undoubtedly critical to our personality and subsequent psyche. Such early experiences influence our ability to 'look after ourselves', how we deal with bullies, anxiety, the potential for conflict and develop assertiveness skills. When a 'scrap' happens it can be quite sudden, that total impact of everything out of control, sheer danger and literal impacts. The environment might be nursery, playground, cloak room and the presence of peers as onlookers can be another key factor.

In the late 1960s early 70s I found some old boxing gloves under the stairs at my nan's. I had a handful of uncles on mum's side (just two now - Uncles Tom and Ken!) and the gloves had clearly been swung and jabbed down the line. I don't count myself as a fighter, unless someone tries to push their beliefs - without invitation - down my throat. Then it will be more a case of a reflex action. The 'arc' being comprised of vomit. In the school playground I learned to talk my way out of trouble, resorting to humour at times; as you learn to deploy whatever intellect you might have judiciously. Legs are essential to a boxer:

“First your legs go. Then you lose your reflexes. Then you lose your friends”
Willie Pep

My legs helped me a time or two.

Not too many years ago, so a new generation is in the frame and a nephew had boxing gloves of his very own. He trained with a local club and had some fights. I didn't go watching, but didn't make too big a big fuss either. He doesn't box now as it happens; he's married with family and busy earning a living. Over four decades I've cared for several gentleman, former boxers who developed dementia. Hence, my lack of enthusiasm. (Although the selective literature listed below does not reflect it, women's boxing is of course also well established.) The extent to which boxing caused their dementia is not the point here. It's trying to acknowledge the ongoing debate: the risks, the history (Ancient Greece 688BC), the discipline, sense of belonging and self-respect it can instill. Of course a great many sports can do this. Of course, I listened very attentively as one gent could still relate how perhaps he had been 'used' in terms of the fights and purses back in the 50s-60s. Vulnerable adults of today and yesteryear. Today American Football is concerned about head injuries, in football heading the ball repeatedly is in the news. Technology should be able to reduce the risks even more and protect individuals from injury that is obvious and more insidious in nature.

Some of these points I've considered in Hodges' model as follows:

humanistic ---------------------------------------  mechanistic




dementia - cognitive damage

personality change


tactics  strategy

motivation training attitude



mental health - mental capacity


Personal safety

boxing technique

reflexes speed movement balance

punching fitness

weight, reach, statistics


stamina nutrition hydration


exposure models

unconscious knockout

Head - Brain injuries

physics: force time (duration) momentum

technology - sensor equipped gloves

Sports Medicine Research
Safety - Evidence

Medical risks


Coaches <-> Boxers

Support network


personal history-family
sports history

trainer friends club

Sporting behaviour

family friends
Rules (changes)

Conflict Power

promotion media finance

codification rules

Amateur Professional


Regulating bodies





Selective reading:

Sacha, J. (2017). Fighting Feelings. Sociological Perspectives, 60(1), 77-94.

Erlanger, D. (2015). Exposure to sub-concussive head injury in boxing and other sports. Brain Injury, 29(2), 171-4.

Falvey, &., & Mccrory, P. (2015). Because not all blows to the head are the same. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49(17), 1091.

Mcintosh, A., & Patton, D. (2015). Boxing headguard performance in punch machine tests. British Journal of Sports Medicine, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 14 July 2015.


See related post 2016: 'Boxing' I