- provides a space devoted to the conceptual framework known as Hodges' model. Read about this tool that can help integrate HEALTH, SOCIAL CARE, INFORMATICS and EDUCATION. The model can facilitate PERSON-CENTREDNESS, CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT, HOLISTIC CARE and REFLECTION. Follow the development of a new website using Drupal (it might happen one day!!). See our bibliography, posts since 2006 and if interested please get in touch [@h2cm OR h2cmng AT yahoo.co.uk]. Welcome.

Sunday, August 27, 2017

Paper: "Defining Health in the Era of Value-based Care ..." mapped to Hodges' model

individual
|
INTERPERSONAL : SCIENCES
humanistic --------------------------------------- mechanistic
SOCIOLOGY : POLITICAL
|
group
Q. What is value?


Demand

(Individual) freedom to lead lives they have reason to value

[Why we need a global generic conceptual framework: 
Self care = 
transformation of Demand into Supply]



Patient
Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs)

'benefit' across Hodges' model?
'harm done' across Hodges' model?

Shared Decision Making - 
patient centred care, 
choice, autonomy, 

Right Care, Right Time, Right Place?*
A's. 

Value = outcomes achieved – money spent (Porter)

1.Allocative value – how to allocate resources equitably in such a way that maximum value for the whole population is obtained
2.Technical value – increased value associated with improvements in quality and safety of healthcare
3.Personalised value – individual patient values, in combination with best evidence and assessments of the person’s condition. (Gray)

Supply - Outcomes
PROMS: hip replacement, knee replacement, groin hernia and varicose veins
Right Care, Right Time, Right Place

Chronic disease
Improving medical technology
Demand

Social determinants of health

"Unlimited healthcare intervention
provision may lead to increased harm."

Friends and Family Test

Person- and community-centred approaches, such as peer support, self-management education, health coaching, group activities and asset-based approaches.

Local - Community - National

Porter recommends classification of outcomes in three tiers [16]. Tier one is ‘Health status achieved or retained’, including measures such as survival at one or five years, or for those with life-limiting conditions, the degree of health or recovery achieved or maintained. Tier two, ‘Process of recovery’, includes the time taken to return to normal activities and disutility of care, such as errors and adverse events in care, incorrect diagnosis, and discomfort. Tier three is ‘Sustainability of health’ and includes recurrence and long-term consequences of treatment.

"The definition proposed by Gray ... defines value in healthcare as ‘the net benefit, that is the difference between the benefit and the harm done by a service, taking into account the amount of resources invested’"

Supply - Outcomes
Health Economics
limited healthcare budgets

Governments - Industries
Relationships
demand - drug costs

Moving FROM: cost-effectiveness and pay for performance
TO: Value-based pricing

Healthcare-associated harm

Value-based healthcare has the potential to be used in local and national priority setting and
policy development.

International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement



*This brief paper provides a very good outline of value-based care. 'Mental' in this paper is mentioned early on in a definition of health, thereafter you will find 'mental' in funda-mental, environ-mental plus incre-mental. 'Mental health' and values-based care will no doubt be discussed elsewhere. This brief paper suggests however, that we really do need a generic conceptual framework for health and social care. To be fully-realised value-based care must also reach, encompass and incorporate mental health and public mental health.


Gentry S, Badrinath P (March 06, 2017) Defining Health in the Era of Value-based Care: Lessons from England of Relevance to Other Health Systems. Cureus 9(3): e1079. DOI 10.7759/cureus.1079


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